Transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian

In Russian, the verb has permanent signs, unchanged regardless of the speech situation. One of them is an adequacy. Transitional and non-transparent verbs differ in the method of interaction with the dependent nouns.

What is a transient verb

The verb himself does not go anywhere, but denotes the action aimed at the subject passing on it. The object of action is expressed in this case by the name of the nouns or replacing it by pronoun used without the pretext in the visional case:

  • collect shells - collect them;
  • Sharp the riddle - to solve it;
  • Susing a puppy - to suggest it.

Either in the parent when he replaces the accusative one. The replacement occurs in two cases:

  1. under denial

Get (what?) Letter (p.) - Do not get (what?) Letters (r. p.)

Try (what?) Pie (p. p.) - Do not try (what?) Pie (r. n.)

  1. If necessary, designate that a part of the total is taken

DOW MILK (C. P.) - Buy milk (r. p.)

cut bread (p. n.) - Cut the bread (p. p.)

The transition is characteristic of words having the following values:

  • The impact on the object, as a result of which it can change, occur, destroy or remain unchanged (pricking firewood, tie a sweater, cut the tree, praise the child);
  • Perception with the help of senses (see danger, listen to music, feel hunger);
  • Attitude to the subject (reject violence, sorry the patient, love walks).

There are verbs of both the perfect and imperfect species:

  • visit (owls. View) of relatives - visiting (not. View) of acquaintances;
  • dig (owls. View) ditch - to dig (not. View) Potatoes;
  • Copy (sv. View) Gait - Copy (Nesov. View) Still Life.

What is non-optical verb

Unbreakable verbs are characterized by compatibility with nouns or pronoun in other indirect cases, but in vinegenic - mostly only with a pretext:

  • lose memory, go without baggage (p. p.);
  • call parents, approach the intersection (p.);
  • Go to the museum (in. p.);
  • wave a hand with a bear (m.);
  • swim in the lake (p. p.)

The action expressed by them is not directed to the subject and does not need it.

The word in the vinegenic case when subordinating such a verb does not require the pretext in the value of the period of time or path, but responds in the phrase not on the case, and does not have an object value:

  • Increased ( what How much?) Month;
  • run what How much?) kilometer.

Uncompaired inherent in words with meaning:

  • condition, physical or emotional, and location in space (bored, cold, lie down);
  • activities, classes (carpenter, idle);
  • Move in space, existence (fly, appear);
  • Manifestation and change of signs (contemplating, developing).

Return - a property indicating non-propellability, since the object becomes the object, which produces it:

  • wash - wash yourself;
  • Biting - to be able to bite yourself.

How to distinguish the transition verb from non-transparent

In sentences, a key distinctive feature of transition is a direct addition, because They expressed an object of action. Examples

Prothet looked back , grateful nodded Head и Dejected Sleeve coat.

  • looked back - return (Nonbee.)
  • nodded his head - joins an indirect addition in the arterial case (Nearby.)
  • smoked the sleeve - controls a direct addition (ache.)

Granddaughter long I was looking for Babushkino Ring and in the end Found .

  • I was looking for a ring - in combination with a direct addition (ache.)
  • Found - does not have a dependent word, but it is meant. The action is directed to the same subject (ring), the designation of which is issued in an incomplete proposal to avoid repeat (travelers)

Procedure for the determination of transition

An input outside the context is determined by the sequential detection of signs:

What are transitional and non-transparent verbs: how to determine examples

Explanation of the rules on the examples
To smile He has a return postfix-à-on (NEPECT)
Swing no signs of repayment; Waving - not combined with wines. (Nearby.)
Go no signs of repayment; Go to the forest - from wines. n. Combined; requires subordination only with the pretext (Nonbee.)
Stuck non-refundable; Stick on paper - with wines. combined; Stick the brand - the proposed design does not require (traveled.)

Influence of ambiguity in transition

In Russian, there is a phenomenon of meaningful words. When changing the value, grammatical signs may be lost or acquired.

Aunt dropped and beat the dishes not specifically, but because it was nervous.

Seryozha all day beat a toy drum in a presented grandfather, annoying parents.

The same part of speech (beat) in the first sentence manages a direct addition (dishes) and is a transitional, and in the second does not require and does not have an action object, becoming non-transparent.

A similar role is characteristic of words denoting human classes. When a measure of actions produced with the subject, a transitional version is used, and in the value of a permanent occupation - no:

Grandma sew granddaughter Snowflake costume for New Year's carnival. (Suit - straight. Add.)

Marinina Mom Professional Travelers, she sews for customers. (Object is absent and is not meant by the context.)

Eadlessness manifests itself in a number of words when using an impersonal form to designate a state:

Peasant sow winter crops. It's time to finish and deeper rye. Squirrel twists the wheel all day. Elk wandered into the river and mutters water. Are you robbing clothes again? The cook pours into the dough of milk and pour flour. Do not forget revenge the floors every day. Personal forms indicate manipulations with objects.
In autumn, seven weather in the yard: sow, itifies, turns, mutitis, tears, pouring on top, bottombeam. (Proverb) Impersonality transmits the state of nature.

Inspection / incompetence is a permanent sign associated with a lexical value.

Transitional and non-transparent verbs

In Russian, certain categories of verbs can join a direct addition. In this case, we are talking about the transition of verbs. The article describes in detail the features of transitional and non-transparent verbs with visiting visual examples.

Material prepared jointly with the highest category teacher

The experience of the teacher of the Russian language and literature is 27 years.

What is the transition of verbs?

Transitionality verb - The grammatical category of verb, reflecting the verb ability to attach a direct addition. That is, the transition indicates whether the verb can control freely existing noun, indicating the object of action (subject, person, animal, etc.).

for instance : Visit the exhibition, there are candy (direct addition); grow in your eyes standing near the door (indirect addition).

In Russian, there are transitional and non-transparent verbs that differ in the meaning and features of the management.

Features of transition verbs

Transient verbs These are verbs denoting the relationship or action directed to a specific object (subject, person) and turning into this object. Transition verbs control the free form of a visional case.

If the verb is in a negative form, the control is carried out by nouns in the parental. Also, managing the genitive case is possible when it comes to part of the object.

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Examples of transition verbs : invite (who?) girlfriends, test (What?) Joy, do not read (What?) Books, do not get (What?) Thanks, drink (What?) Water.

From a lexical point of view, transitional verbs may indicate:

  • The process of creating, modifying or destruction of the object (Write a book, burn it) ;
  • Sensory perception (feel warm, hear the rustles) ;
  • Impact on an object that does not change it (thank friends, stroking cat) ;
  • Attitude to the object (hate rudeness, prefer coffee) .

Frequent communals are formed from transition verbs.

Features of non-transparent verbs

Unprofitable verbs - verbs that indicate the action that does not go to a direct object and do not need such an object. As a rule, such verbs are not combined with existing in the vinevel case.

Unprofitable verbs Examples : Lying on the sofa, live with parents, rejoice New day, to teacher at school, stay in car.

From a lexical point of view, non-transparent verbs may designate:

  • Mental, physical condition, position in space (sad, get sick, sit down) ;
  • Movement and existence (walk, move, be, to be) ;
  • Professional or nonprofessional classes (To watch, lazy) ;
  • Formation and identification of qualities (grow up, blush, decrease) .

How to determine the transition of the verb?

Summing up, you can select 3 main ways to determine the transition of the verb:

  • Transients are driven by nouns and pronouns in a vinegenical or parental case without a preposition. (drive a car, do not drink water) ;
  • Unnecessary verbs when combined with noun in the vinegenic case require the use of the preposition (transfer to the car, quarrel because of the dispute) .
  • All returnive verbs are non-transparent (gather, construct, fall in love) .

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The transitionality of verbs in Russian

Definition of concept

To determine the type of verb, it is necessary to deal with the concept of transition itself. This is the name of the grammatical category, which indicates the ability of the form to influence the direct addition. It can be attached to the names of the nouns without prepositions in the parent or visional case. An adequacy makes it clear whether the verb can manage in the proposal of objects that make an action.

Transitional and non-transparent verbs

If we consider this definition from the semantic side, then it can be understood its meaning. It means those actions that the living object or the subject cannot do independently. Under the transition it is worth understanding the transfer of the action committed by the subject to directly.

Most often, the verb manages impossible nouns in the vinegenous case. If negation is worth it, the phrase dependent on it is used in the parental case. This happens in the case when not a whole subject is mentioned, but its part.

How to Determine the Interest and Impressions of the verb

Usually, The transition type includes words that indicate:

  • creating, destruction or changing the object (burn the raysin, send a message);
  • Attitude towards him (hate weakness, prefer sweets);
  • Sensual perception (hear noise, feel cold);
  • Not changing the impact (ironing a dog, thank the teacher).

Choose between the vinitive and the PEIGHT case

Nouns names in proposals with transition verbs can stand in two cases. The main is considered the accusative, but For the pet there are several specific cases:

Transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian
  • with the designation of the amount of the subject;
  • in negative phrases;
  • When using an amplifier particle "NE".

In the first case we are talking about some part of the subject or object. For example, in the phrase "drank a compote" the genitive case indicates some kind of fluid. And in the phrase "drank compote", they say about the whole drink, which was in the vessel, so use the accusative one.

If the transition verb in the negative offer is at the value of "at all", then the genital form is used: I did not eat your chocolate. The accusatively applied in the case when the action is simply denied: I did not take your book.

The amplifier particle "nor" also suggests that it is necessary to put a noun into a genitive case. For example: I have not the slightest concept.

What are transitional and non-freight verbs

The school program provides special exercises to determine the case. But when performing homework, you need to be attentive. Some nouns names in such proposals acquire the form of a genitive case, which differs from the usual: Sakhara, drinking tea. There are in Russian Table Transition Table of verbs. It is convenient to use it during school lessons at home to determine the case.

How to define an adapter

Schoolchildren often have problems with the definition of transition. In fact, determine whether the verb is transitional, quite simple. To do this, ask him the question of "Who?" or "What?" to dependent noun. If you managed to do it, then the verb transitional: eat (what?) Candy, see (whom?) Boy. If, after it, it is impossible to use a direct addition, but only a noun with a pretext or adverb, then it is uncomplicated: go home, play chess.

Transitional and non-transparent verbs Rule

There is another way how to determine the transition and non-visibility of the verb. It is necessary to try to form a suffering communion from him. If it happened, then it is transition. You can always make a phrase with a direct addition: make a decision, get knowledge, to assist.

It is worth remembering that the return verbs and the forms of the suffering collateral formed using the suffixes "-" or "- by" (to decide, to be afraid, it seems) are non-transparent.

The meaning of the noun is also taken into account. It must necessarily mean an object or object of action. Sometimes there are proposals in which it stands in a vinegenous case without an excuse and depends on the verb, which at the same time refers to non-transparent: live a month, go day.

Unfurring type

The uncomplicated verbs include words that indicate the action that does not pass on the subject. They also do not need a specific object. Typically, such words are not combined with add-ons in the vinegenic case without an excuse.

What does transitional and non-recovery verb mean

They denote the following actions:

  • designation of a mental or physical condition (sit down, sad, sick);
  • Professional classes (to follow, join);
  • existence and movement (edit, walk, appear);
  • Detection of qualities (blush, pale, grow, decrease).

There are several differences between transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian. The first describes contacts with objects without affecting them relate to the senses and perceptions, show attitude to the object and talk about creating or destroying things.

Stylistic techniques

An adequacy can be used as a stylistic reception. At the same time, writers use non-transparent verbs as transient. This technique is rarely used:

Types of verbs
  • in humorous prose;
  • folklore;
  • dialectisms;
  • Jargonism.

In humorous prose, for example, The authors can consume such expressions: Drink alcohol and hooligan discipline. It helps them create a comic effect and smooth out the negative meaning of expression.

Outdated words can also change their shape. For example, in the modern universal language to "trade" - non-repease type. But earlier he was understood as "ascent", so he had another form. In folklore, dialects and jargonis, such use remained today. Sometimes such expressions can be heard in a professional or youth slang.

Thus, to determine the transitionality of the verb, it is necessary to analyze the main word and dependent on it, pay attention to the presence or absence of prepositions.

Transition or non-repease. How to define transitional and non-freight verbs in Russian

как определить переходный или непереходный глагол

Transition verbs indicate the action that is directed to the subject, goes to the subject (object): to cut the log, chop firewood, read the newspaper, sew a coat. Such verbs usually only in combination with the name of the object have a finished meaning. An indication of the object specifies the verb value, makes it more specific. Wed: Father sawing and father sawing a log. Portnika sews and porn sews dress. The object is a very wide and very distinguished concept.

It covers and concrete items that are converted or arise as a result of actions (stroking trousers, build a house), and abstract concepts (feel joy, hating false, love justice). The input value is expressed syntactically: the name of the object during transition verbs is in the form of a vinitive case without an excuse (write a poem, read the story, love a friend).

In two cases, a direct object is expressed by the form of a genitive case: 1) if the action covers not the whole object, but only part of it: ate bread, drank milk; 2) If there is a denial when the verb is: did not drink milk, did not eat bread, I did not read the newspaper, did not colue for the accusative case without an excuse, denoting a certain period of time or space, does not express the object. In this case, it denotes the measure of action, i.e.

It acts in the function of circumstances: sat all day, thought for a whole hour, slept all the way. Here it is impossible to ask the usual questions of whom? What is a direct addition to? Unpainted verbs indicate the action that does not go to the object. They cannot have a direct addition to themselves: suffer, go, run, sit, grow, walk, dinner, rejoice, dress, etc.] A special discharge is the so-called indirect-per-1 x about d and s e verbs .

These include returnable and non-refundable verbs that manage not vinitive, and other indirect cases of nouns (without prepositions and with pretexts). They are usually a relation to the object or state of the subject, but do not express the transition to the subject, the impact of the subject to the object: to wish the victory, wait for the train, be proud of the brother, hope for success, believing a friend, think about winning, help comrade, etc.

1_ is often the same verb in some lexical values ​​refers to transitional, and in others - to non-transparent. So, the verb to write is transitional in the values: 1) "Create, compose literary, scientific, etc.

work "(write stories, dissertation); 2) "Create a product of painting" (write a picture, portrait, scenery, landscape); 3) "compose a musical work, writing it" (write music, opera) the same verb acts as non-transparent, when it means: 1) "To be able to use the written form of speech" (the boy already writes, that.

knows how to write); 2) "To engage in literary activities", in the same value of the verb "can simultaneously manage different cases and proposed-case-case: make things to the room, wrap the book in paper, splash water on the underwear, splashing water on the underwear, writing a letter to your brother Paint with paints portrait in the lessons. Transitional or incompressive are whole semantic groups of verbs.

For example, the verbs of the creation, as well as the destruction, the destruction of the object, as a rule, transitional: a) build (build) a house, sew (sew) coat, weave (weaving) a carpet, create (create) state farms; b) destroy (destroyed) an old building, break (smash) a glass, burn (burn) trash, spoil (spoil) clock, etc. To the uncomplicated Large groups of movements of moving (run, run, walk, go, fly, fly , swim, swim, jump, hurry, etc.

), positions in space (sit, lie, stand, hang, etc.), sound (thunder, fuel, hugging, hiding, meow, buzz, etc.), states (silent, sleep, root, nervous, Sorry, envy, boiled, breathe, etc.), changes in the state, becoming (lose weight, lose weight, stupid, dodge, to whit, whitted, wither, fade, stroke, flax, etc.).

Uncompaired are the verbs to be, to - note, "referring to the occupation of a person named in a producing basis (to learn, allocate, to act, professorship; paint, gardening, locksmart; join, boil), the verbs of the behavior of La - generous, blissing; low-mass, you, hooligan, beasts / poring). Thus, the adequacy / non-height of verbs before the GU.

It depends on their lexico-semantic properties. In the expression Inphyxes - Postfix, suffix-1 "with її! and consoles. - "Postfix is ​​always an indicator of the uncompressive verb. By joining the transition verb, he makes it uncomplicated. C: please the parents (successes) - to wash the dishes - it is, to clean the coat - to clean. Uncomplicated Introductions Mr Hagola forms suffix -e-.

It expresses the value of the gradual accumulation of any properties of any properties, signs: intelligent - to intelligible (becoming smart), whites - tolery (become GT; spruce). Among the smoking verbs only a third has a transitional value. The composition of transition verbs is continuously replenished due to submissive formations. Many prefixes, joining uncomplicated verbs, turn them into transition.

The prefix forms transitional verbs in the value "To achieve (achieve) something with actions": Play - win a motorcycle, work - to work out two norms; Prefix for in the value "Bring (bringing) an object (object) to a bad state": Play - Planted a plate.

Transitional ransom verbs are formed using a syffix of Sin (s) - Blue underwear (do blue), White - Shaving the ceiling (do white), etc.

Most verbs of this type are correlated with incomplete verbs with suffix -e-. Wed: Ichhet (Nearby.) - To blue (accelerated), tolery (Nonbee.) - Blind of acceleration.), Candy (Nonbee) - Clamp (ache.). Members of pairs are also opposed to transition / disproportionateness: to disseminate - dismissed, unwind-unwind, cool down - cool, weaken - to weaken, etc. ), stuck (fire, stumble) - jammed (stunning, drowning), lie - live, sleep - put to sleep, stand - put, hang - hang hang), to confront - to oppose others, and others. In one as a pair of both verbs are transitional : Drink milk - to attack the child with milk. The second members of such steam denote "to force (force) to perform (execute) any action," to force (force) to be in any state. " They are customary called causative verbs (from Latin Causa - "Cause").

Another important grammatical category is left untreated - transitional and non-transparent verbs in English. What is this phenomenon and what is its importance, we will find out in today's material.

What is responsible for the category of transition?

The value of this grammatical moment is hidden in its very name. If the verb is transitional, the action that it denotes refers to the addition, i.e. The faugible is not aimed at the subject (subject to), but on an extraneous object. Without a direct additions Building statements with such verbs Impossible ! In some cases, an indirect addition is added.

In contrast to them, non-transparent verbs do not tolerate their importance to indirect persons / objects, i.e. The action in meaning is due to the subject. Such fags can be used independently or with an add-on attached by the pretext.

Thus, transitional and non-transparent verbs in English form a different order of words in the proposal. A direct addition must be present near the first, and the second does not require it at all. In addition, it is the presence of an adapter that allows you to use verbs in a passive pledge. Otherwise, the formation of a suffering design is impossible.

It is worth mentioning that there are not always transient verbs of English and Russian languages ​​coincide. In order not to make mistakes, we advise you to memorize the properties of verbs immediately when studying words.

Transitional and non-freight verbs in English - Lists of popular verbs

In some dictionaries, the presence or absence of an increase in the verbs immediately indicate. For this, the notation is used v.T. ( Verb. Transitive. - verb transition ) and v.i. ( Verb. INTRANSITIVE. - ch. intransitive ). To simplify, we have made two tables: non-transient and transient verbs in English.

Unprofitable verbs
Arrive. arrive
Depart go
Bark. bark
boggle frighten
EXIST exist
DIE die

A source: https://hkls.ru/podgotovka/perehodnyi-ineperehodnyi-kak-opredelit-perehodnye-i-neperehodnye.html

English verbs transition category

как определить переходный или непереходный глагол

British verbs are classified for many signs. Whereas about the correctness and incorrectness, the modality of verbs or their belonging to the group of auxiliary, a lot has been said, the conversion category often remains in the shade. And in vain, because the information about whether the verb is transitional or incomprehensible, will help properly use it in the proposal and will answer the question of the compatibility of the verb with some grammatical structures.

Separation of English verbs for transitional and non-transparent

So, English verbs (as well as Russian) are divided into transients (Transitive Verbs) and non-transitive (Intransitive Verbs). The first must necessarily require after themselves additions, otherwise the thought expresses will not be completed. For instance:

HE OFTEN USES HIS COMPUTER. He often uses his computer.

The verb to use is transitional, because it cannot be said "he uses" without mentioning that it is. As for the addition, it exists in the form of a direct addition (it corresponds to the accusative case in Russian without an excuse) and / or indirect. And some transient verbs require after themselves not one, but several additions. For instance:

Mr. Smith offered HIM A JOB. Mr. Smith offered him a job.

In this example, after the transition verb to Offer, an indirect addition HIM is used and a direct addition to A JOB.

Uncomplicated verbs do not require after addresses. A proposal with such a verb will be completed, even if there are no more members of the sentence beyond and led. For instance:

MRS. James Is Traveling. Mrs. James travels.

The verb to Travel is non-transparent, since after it is simply impossible to add an addition. However, such verbs "turn" in the proposal of all sorts of circumstances. For instance:

MRS. James Is Traveling Through South America at the Moment. Mrs. James travels in South America now.

Some dictionaries using special abbreviations indicated before the value provide information on whether the verb is transition (v.t. or V / T - VERB Transitive) or non-circuit (V.I. or V / I - VERB Intransitive). For instance:

to Find - v.T. -To SIT - V.I. - find one

It is not necessary when determining whether the verb is transitional, strongly rely on the Russian translation. Indeed, many verbs coincides with this sign in both languages ​​and, trying to add an addition to the corresponding Russian verb in a vinegenous case without an excuse, sometimes you can determine whether the corresponding English verb will be transitional, for example:

sleeping + whom? What? = verb nevertheless, then To Sleep - also indiscriminate + who? what? = verb transition, it means to see - also transient verb

However, there are many English verbs, which differs from the same characteristics of the respective Russian verbs, for example:

Wait - transitional to wait for - non-transparent
influence - non-transparent TO AFFECT - transitional

Verbs combining the properties of transition and non-propeliency

There are a large number of verbs, which due to their meaningfulness can be in different values ​​to exhibit transition or incompetence. For instance:

Transition verb ( v.T.) Intransitive verb ( V.I.)
I BURNT My Hand While Cooking. - I Ozheg Hand during cooking. The Campfire. BURNT. BRIGHTLY. - Bonfire burned brightly.
Jerry. Walks. The Dog Twice A Day. - Jerry Walks Dog twice a day. TOM. Walks. Home After School. - Tom go home on foot after school.
Don't Drop. Litter in the Park! - Not Throw Trash in the park! Water Dropped from the tap. - Water Kapala From the crane.
Open.

A source: https://1hello.ru/grammatika/kategoriya-perexodnosti-nglijskix-glagolov.html.

Verol forms: transitional and non-transparent

как определить переходный или непереходный глагол

The topic of the transitionality of verbs in Russian may seem complex. But this is only at first glance. It is important in order to deal with the topic, starting with the general concept. So, what is an adequacy and how to determine it.

Transitionality verb

The verb is part of speech that means action. Without it, the picture of the world reflected in our speech would be static and boring. One of the main characteristics of the verb is to transition. This constant sign remains unchanged.

The functions of the verb in the sentence in the proposal: reflect the action by performing the role of the facility; Move the action for the addition, forming a phrase.

Transitional forms exist in order to be able to express insteff. Without addition, such actions look unfinished and do not make sense.

  • Drink (what?) Coffee.
  • To greet (whom?) Friend.
  • Plant (what?) Tree.

Common for these phrases, it will be that in them the transition verb "manages" the addition without any preposition.

Features of transition verbs

From the point of view of vocabulary, Transition verbs are used to express:

  • A variety of actions: write a poem, decorate the Christmas tree, extinguish the light.
  • Sensual perception: see beautiful, feel awe, listen to music.
  • Relationships to the object: Respect the teacher, love animals, neglect sports.
  • Impact on the object, in order to influence it: to treat patients, burn the manuscript, paint the facade.

Most often, the addition acts as a noun or pronouncing in the vinegenous case, and answers the questions "Who?", "What?" But there are such cases when the supplement meets a genitive case.

  • When it does not indicate the action not with a whole subject, but only with its part, example: Tune (what?) Cake.
  • When is in a negative position, an example: do not help me (whom?) Me.

Praeling communities are formed from transitional forms. Examples of proposals:

  • open - Open Nose window;
  • tell Telling someone's story;
  • see seen Rustic landscape.

Unprofitable verbs

These verb forms do not tolerate the action on the object. Even without supplement, they carry a clear semantic load in themselves, the addition of it only spreads.

Take care of pet, believe in a miracle, smile in a passing out. Supplements in the vinegenic case are always joined only with the pretext.

  • Return or verb shapes, ending with Ah-Own, are incomprehensible: look at the pattern, walk along the embankment, wake up with a smile.
  • The suffixes are, they also testify in favor of the impuriency of the verb: toothet, bother, bother.

From the point of view of vocabulary, uncompressive verbs express:

  • Emotional or physical condition, position in space: learn on the wall, wander around the house, lift over the ground.
  • Movement and work process: run along the track, dance under the melody, work in the enterprise.
  • The manifestation of the qualities: to blush in humans, is good with age, gentlemented with relics.

Attention! Lexically between transitional and non-transparent verbs there is no difference. The difference consists only of grammatical design. Standing close in meaning, only their shape will be changed in two roles. "Go on the road" and "Going the road" - the value is almost the same, but the phrases are built in various ways. Such a variety of language allows you to more accurately express thoughts and describe what is happening.

How to define an adapter

  1. We choose the phrase "verb + supplement".
  2. Is there any pretext in this phrase - it means non-repease.
  3. If "no", then determine the add-on case. If this is any case, except the pet, then non-transparent.
  4. If the genitive case, you need to find out if there is a negative in phrase in the phrase, or an indication of action with a part of the object. If something from this is available, then transitional. If not - non-transparent.

A source: http://sklonenie-slova.ru/rus/perehodnost-glagolov.

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Transitive and non-transitive verbs (Transitive Und Intransitive Verben). Control of verb

Transient verbs , as a rule, denote act Facing and directed to the subject / object. Supplement (on which the action is directed) is in the vinevel case ( Akkusativ. ):

Ich Lege Das Buch Auf Den Tisch. - I put a book on the table Hängt Den MANTEL in den Schrank. - She hangs coats in the cabinet Diek Kinder Springen Ins Wasser. - Children jump into the water

Circumstance place Contains a pretext that controls the vinitive case. It answers the question WOHIN? (where? Akkusativ. ):

Ich Lege Das Buch auf. DEN. Tisch - I put a book on the table Hängt Den MANTEL IN. DEN. Schrank. - She hangs coats in the cabinet Diek Kinder Springen Ins. Wasser. - Children jump into the water

Unprofitable verbs denote Result of action And do not have additions in the vinegenic case:

Mit Diesem Mittel Wasche Ich Mein AUTO - this means I am my car Sie Weint bei. jedem. Schrei - She cries from any scream

Circumstance place Contains a pretext that managing a dutient case. It answers the question WO? (Where? ).

For example: Die Gläser Stehen IN. DER Kü. Chee. - Glasses are standing in the kitchen. Opa Sitzt IM. SESSEL - Grandfather sits in a chair Auf. Dem. Boden. Liegt Ein Hund- on the floor lies a dog

As a rule, the supplement in the vinegenial case of the transition verb becomes subject to non-transparent verb:

Ich Hänge Das Bild An Die Wand. (WOHIN? Where ?) - I hang painting on the wallDas Bild Hängt An der Wand. (WO? Where? ) - painting hangs on the wall

In German, there are many couples related to each other. transient и Unprofitable verbs . In this case, the transition verb is the right (weak), and the corresponding non-optical verb - incorrect (strong).

For instance: Legen. (Lay): Legen-Legte-Gelegt / Liegen. (Lying): Liegen-Lag-Gelegen Stellen. (Put): Stellen-Stellte-Gestellt / Stehen. (Stand): Stehen Stand-Gestanden Hängen. (Hang): Hängen-hängte-Gehängt / Hängen. (hang): Hängen-Hing-Gehangeni etc.

Transient verbs Denote in dictionary vt. , Netranshetive VI .

When memorizing verbs, pay great attention to the control of verbs.

For example: in German distinguish verbs Verschwenden. (spend in vain) / Verschwinden. (disappear) Er VerschWendet Sein Geld ( Akkusativ. ) - He spends money in emptyDas Geld Verschwindet in Seinen Händen Spurlos ( Dativ ) - money disappear in his hands without a trace

The verb control is also provided in the dictionary. Clear rules explaining what the case is managed by one or another verb does not exist. The same applies to the pretexts used with the verbs.

Invisions in the management of verbs with similar verbs in Russian There are quite often found.

For example: RUF. Mich. (Akkusativ) Sofort An! - Call me (Current *) Now! Ich Begegne Ihm. (Dativ) - I meet it (accusative) Die Firma Kündigte Ihm. (DATIV) - the firm dismissed it (accusative) Ich Stimme dir. zu (Dativ without preposition) - I agree with you (preposition) Er Ähnelt Seinem. Freund. (DATIV) - It looks like his friend (preposition + blades. Padent)

* The star is indicated by the control of verbs in Russian

On the materials of the textbook Lion is beyon

Return glasses Modal verbs

A source: http://www.studygerman.ru/online/manual/verb6.html.

Transitional and non-transparent verbs

Actions that indicate verbs can go directly on which this action is directed. Such verbs are called transitional.

From transition verbs you can always ask someone's question? or what? (Questions of the vinitive case without an excuse):

Write (what?) Letter

See (whom?) Boy

Neverthentime does not go directly on the subject.

From non-transparent verbs, you can ask any questions, in addition to questions of a vinitive case without an excuse:

Engage (what?) Sport

Wake up (in what?) In music

Refuse (from what?) On help

It is important to find the word correctly on which the action is directed, denoted by the verb. The transition verb always has a noun or pronoun without an excuse, which are not just worth in the vinegenic case, but are the object of that action that the verb calls:

See a boy

See them

There may be cases when, despite the fact that the nouns are in the vinegenic case, the verbs are non-operation. Because these nouns are not an object of action, which is called verbs.

Chanting

Wait a week

2. Lexical meaning and transition category

The transition / non-height of the verb is closely related to its lexical value. In one value, the verb can be transitional, and in the other - indecent:

Learn at school.

The verb "Learn" in the meaning of "teach" - non-repease.

To teach children.

The verb "Learn" in the meaning of "Training" - transitional.

Editor rules manuscript.

The verb "Rules" in the meaning "corrects" is transitional.

The world rules himself.

The verb "Rules" in the meaning "manages" - non-repease.

3. Proposals with transition verbs

Proposals with transition verbs can be affirmative, and negative. True, when denying the accusative case of the nouns can be replaced by the PAGIENT.

He will kill a fly.

In this case, when the transition verb will kill a noun to fly in the vinegenic case.

Compare the same proposal, however, with a negative value.

He will not kill flies.

The accusative case of the noun is replaced by the Parental.

However, remember: despite this, the verb does not lose its transitionality.

Often in the store we can hear such phrases:

We, please, please sugar.

Cut the cheese.

Form R.P. When transient verbs is used so that we understand what is said only about part of the subject, and not about the subject in general.

In a similar situation, if we are talking about an item that is not divided into parts, U.P.:

Weight me please pear.

Cut the slice.

And if we are talking about the subject, which is divided into parts, you can use the form R.P.

Questions to the abstract

1. Exercise 1.

Denote transient verbs, emphasize the subject and lean.

Autumn came. Trees in the forest wishes. Leaves with a motley carpet cover bare ground. Many birds flew away. The remaining cotton are preparing for the winter. Looking for warm housing and beasts, are inhabited by food for a long winter: the hedgehog made a mink in dry leaves, the squirrel spacing nuts, cones, the bear is preparing his burgrel.

From this text, write down in two columns of phrases with transitional and non-transparent verbs, determine the extension case.

1. Young leaflets Berez always rejected me with her gentle greens. The guys put these birch trees when they studied at school.

2. In the air no longer felt permeating dampness.

3. In the open window broke the street noise.

4. I returned the book as soon as I read it.

5. He stood at the fence and kept a dog on a leash.

A source: https://100ballov.kz/mod/page/view.php?id=1835

Transitional and non-freight verbs in English

Reggerently return to the grammar of the English verbs. We already know that they are modal, correct and wrong, service and semantic, as well as personal and non-personal. Another important grammatical category is left untreated - transitional and non-transparent verbs in English. What is this phenomenon and what is its importance, we will find out in today's material.

Verbs Transitifs et intransitifs - transitional and non-freight verbs in French

Transient verbs include such, the action of which is aimed at some person or subject, i.e. After such a verb, a supplement is used. In the dictionaries such verbs are denoted by letters vt. .

  • If a direct addition is raised after the verb, then this is a direct verb ( Verbe Transitif Direct. ):

J'écris Une Lettre. - I'm writing a letter. (J'écris Quoi? - I write what?)

  • If the verb is used with the pretext, then this is an indirect verb ( Verbes Transitif indirect. ):

J'écris à mes amis. - I am writing my friends. (J'écris à qui? - Will I write to anyone?)

  • Some verbs can have both direct addition and indirect:

J'ÉCRIS UNE Lettre à Mes Amis. - I am writing a letter to my friends. (J'écris Quoi à qui? - Will I write what?)

  • Some verbs can be straightforward, it is usually clear, the meaning of the verb is changing:

1) IL A ABUSÉ SON AMI. - He deceived his friend.

2) IL A ABUSÉ DE SA Force. - He abused his strength.

Verbes Intransitifs - Unproper Verbs

These are verbs that express the action that is not directed to the object. In dictionaries are denoted by abbreviation VI . After such verbs, direct and indirect add-ons are not used:

Le Poisson Nage. - Fish swims. (It is impossible to add additions that answer questions "What, what, what," etc.)

However, uncompressive verbs may have circumstances related to them (answer questions "Where, where, when, how", etc.):

Le Poisson Nage Dans Le Lac. - Fish swims in the lake.

  • A large number of verbs can be both transitional and non-transparent:

1) JE RENTER MON VÉLO. - I will call my bike.

2) Je Rentre Chez Moi. - I am going back home.

  • Some verbs are always uncomplicated: Aller, Arriver, Courir, Venir, Pleurer, Nager, Voyager, etc.
  • The verbs expressing the state are always uncomplicated: être, Paraître, Sembler, Rester, Demeurer, Devenir.

What is needed to know the transition of the verb?

The transition of the verb affects:

1) the possibility of drinking direct and indirect additions to him;

2) coordination of communities in difficult times;

3) the choice of auxiliary verb to form a difficult time.

A source: http://irgol.ru/grammaticheskij-spravochnik/verbes-transitifs-et-intransitifs-perehodnye-i-neperehodnye-gla/

Transitional and non-transverse verbs: how to determine the transition

One of the grammatical characteristics that should be mentioned in the analysis of the verbs in Russian is an adequacy. This feature describes the ability of the verb to the attachment of direct addition in the proposal. That is, whether it can control the noun, which in the context are used to designate the object of action.

for instance : Consider a computer, eat a chocolate, stand near the entrance, smother in front of your eyes.

Transitional and non-transverse verbs in Russian have some differences and their own characteristics.

What is a transition verb

Transition verb. Indicates the action that occurs or is directed to the subject or being. In the proposal between them there is a grammatical connection, due to which the verb affects the impossible form of the word and places it at the accusative case. If the verb in a negative meaning or we are talking about some part, called nouns, then the case becomes a genitive.

Example : Invite (who?) Friends, test (what?) Fear, not to buy (what?) Encyclopedia, drink (what?) juice.

Transition verbs may indicate:

  1. Processes for creating, making the adjustment or destruction of an object or creature (write a summary, break the manuscript, edit the photo).
  2. The attitude of the speaker to some phenomenon or object (to adore jazz, prefer wine).
  3. Some impact that physically does not affect the subject or creature (accused of a neighbor, stroke the dog).
  4. The processes of the perception of the world with tangles, hearing, vision or other feelings (see stars, feel cold).

What is non-optical verb

Unprofitable verbs Transmit an action that does not need a direct object because it is not capable of switching to it. It is important to remember that such a type of verb is extremely rarely combined with the name of the subject or being, which is used in the vinegenic case.

Example : live with your neighbors, take a break on the bed, sing in the car, teach music school.

The lexical importance of non-transparent verbs may be as follows:

  1. The name of classes, whether routine or professional activities (teach, lazy, clean, musitize).
  2. The designation of the movements of the object and in general its existence (be, to be, moving, to be).
  3. Description of the process of changes occurring with an object or creature (deteriorate, blush, grow up, clever).
  4. Constatant position of the object in space, its state, physical characteristics, psychological sensations, etc. (Stand, Cooking, torture, refresh).

Unfurred verbs include all returns - fall in love, gather, hugging.

How to determine the transition of the verb

Since the transitionality of the verb affects the first of all the meaning of the word and interacts with the nouns, then it is possible to determine this grammatical state.

If the verb expresses a direct impact on the subject or being, and the existing extent describing this object is in the parent or visional case, then we are dealing with a transition verb. If, according to the context, the verb only helps to determine in what condition or position is the object, but does not affect it - it means it is non-transparent.

You can also pay attention to the need for a pretext between the verb and the nouns used in the vinegenic case. If it is needed (transfer to the bus) - then this verb is incomprehensible.

A source: https://russkyaz.ru/slova/glagoly/perehodnye-i-neperehodnye-glagoly-kak-opredelit-perehodnost.html

Transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian - what is it? Examples

In Russian, all verbs are divided into transitional and non-transparent.

Transient verbs are verbs whose action is directed to the subject. They indicate the action passing to some object. In this case, the addition is in the vinegenous case, without the pretext. For example: to buy - transition verb. I bought (what?) Gift. They bought (whom?) Cat.

The verb is part of speech that means action. The verbs answer questions what to do? what to do? For example: live, think, draw, work.

Read more about verbs in the article: What is verb. Forms and types, leasing verbs

Transition verbs are able to manage a direct addition. Supplement - a noun or pronoun - most often it is in the visional case, without an excuse.

Examples of transition verbs:

To win (whom?) Compare (what?) To brickvice (who?) Sitrove (what?) Error

In some cases, with nouns and pronsections in the parental case: drank milk, poured vodka, bought flowers.

Unprofitable verbs. What is non-optical verb. Examples

Uncomplicated verbs are all the other verbs of the Russian language. Their action is not directed to the subject. They can designate movement, position in space, condition.

Examples of non-transparent verbs: stand, walk, jump, doubt, worry

Uncomplicated verbs do not have direct additions with themselves, they cannot control the form of a vinitive case of nouns or pronoun.

Uncomplicated verbs are used with nouns or pronouncements with pretexts and without prepositions in forms:

  1. PAID case. Require (what?) Respect. Pass (by anything?) Past of the village.

  2. Conductive case. To tell (who?) To friends. Served (what?) Country. To be bored (for what?) In his homeland. Push (what?) To reflections.

  3. Vinitive case with a pretext. Did not believe (what?) In coincidence. Get down (what?) In the apple. Log in (what?) In the room. Inspire (for what?) On the accomplishment.

  4. Certificate case. Tired (what?) Chatting. Used (what?) Aroma. Correct (what?) Friendship. Flies (what?) Over the forest.

  5. The proposed case: live (in what?) In the apartment. Place (on what?) On the hill. Swim (in what?) In the pool.

All return verbs are non-transparent. If the verb ends up or, it refers to a returnable, and can not be transient. For example: Soon on one side of the street because of the coal house, a young officer (A.S. Pushkin) appeared.

Uncompressive return verbs. Examples: offended (what?) To familiarize himself (for whom?) For your destiny (what?) Suspicions

doubt (what?) in response

How to distinguish the transition verb from non-transparent?

To find out, transitional or unnecessary in front of you verb?

  1. Is it possible under the addition? If not, it is definite verb.

  2. Determine the case. Is the accusative case suitable? Is it suitable for adding a question of whom? what? If not, then

  3. Install whether there is a pretext. If there is an excuse - this is an uninterrupted verb.

So, if you are a verb with a supplement without a preposition in the vinegenous case (blame who? What?) Is a transition verb.

A source: https://www.news.com/p/110802328-perehodnye-i-neperehodnye-glagoly-v-russkom-yazyke-chto-ehto-primery/

Transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian

The verbs of the Russian language are divided into transitional and nevertheless. The grammatical category of transition is a constant feature of each verb.

We find out what transitional and non-freight verbs are in Russian.

What are transient verbs

Transitivity - This is the ability of the verb to signify that the action passes to the object (object, face, animal, etc.).

The transitiones are those verbs that manage or can manage a direct addition, expressed most often by the form of a vinitive case without a pretext of nouns or pronoun, for example:

  • exceed (whom?) Opponent;
  • carry (what?) basket;
  • distinguish (what?) Signs;
  • see (who?) her;
  • Notice (what?) Something gray.

Transients are called verbs whose action goes to another subject (object).

Transitional verbine-flow verbs
carry sledge Wander through the forest
See the boy stand on the bridge
Write a letter Help mom
We study lessons Lead the team

The action indicated by the transient verb involves the mandatory availability of an object. The object to which the action is directed is expressed:

1. Nouge or pronoun in the form of a vinitive case without an excuse:

  • meet (whom?) Girlfriend;
  • draw (what?) Landscape;
  • praise (whom?) His;
  • designate (what?) something;

2. Form of the parental case of a noun, indicating part of the whole:

  • eat (what?) soup, borscht, porridge;
  • drank (what?) kefir, kvass, milk, tea;
  • Bought (what?) Carrots, bread, sausages, meat;

3. Form of the PAID case of nouns or pronoun with a denial of denial:

  • You will not wait (whom?) Friend;
  • did not take (what?) notebook;
  • I did not hear (whom?) Him;
  • I do not see anything (what?) Nothing.

Transient verbs form the suffering communities of the past time, denoting a sign of the subject, which is directed from another subject, for example:

  • Severe - inhabited by a paharaham field;
  • scatter - scattered by the wind leaves;
  • leave the city abandoned by residents;
  • split - a split one walnut.

What verbs are non-transparent

Uncomplicated verbs indicate actions not aimed at any subject.

Uncomplicated verbs are not able to manage a direct addition without an excuse and do not need it.

For instance:

  • worry (about com?) About children;
  • believe (what?) in justice;
  • sympathize (to whom?) To him;
  • Reflege (over what?) Above the problem.

To find out which verbs will take to non-transparent, compare two suggestions:

He would show her a new, unknown world, beautiful flowers of underwater fields (Alexander Belyaev. Amphibian man).

Soon on one side of the street because of the coal house, a young officer appeared (Alexander Pushkin. Peak Lady).

In these excerpts, artistic works are used, at first glance, similar verbs:

  • showed (what?) peace;
  • Officer (what did you do?) It seemed.

The verb "showed" is transitional, as it controls the noun in the form of a vinitive case without an excuse. And the return verb "seemed" can not have direct addition with him.

In Russian, all return verbs are non-transparent.

For instance:

  • offended (what?) for a joke;
  • worry (for whom?) for sister;
  • insult (what?) comment;
  • Doubt (what?) In the correctness of the decision.

Uncomplicated verbs can not control the form of a vinitive case of nouns or pronouns, that is, they do not have direct additions with them. They are used with nouns (pronouns) with pretexts and without them in forms:

1. PAGE PAIDE:

  • drop (from what?) From habit;
  • seek (what?) Success;
  • Comerate (past what?) Past of wood;

2. Conductive case:

  • sympathize (to whom?) Friend;
  • served (what?) Fatherland;
  • bored (for what?) at home;
  • push (why?) To sports;

3. Vinitive case with a pretext:

  • believed (what?) in fate;
  • get down (what?) To the world of paintings;
  • enter (what?) in the hall;
  • Made (what?) on great cases;

4. Current case:

  • Reaped (what?) In the spring;
  • tired (what?) story;
  • Correct (what?) Time;
  • noise (over what?) Over the city;

5. The proposed case:

  • swim (in what?) in the river;
  • stand (on what?) on the porch;
  • Think (about what?) About the house.

To correctly determine, the verb is transitional or non-repease, we offer the following algorithm.

lesson

A source: https://russkiiyazyk.ru/chasti-rechi/glagol/perehodnyie-i-neperehodnyie-nglagoly.html

In Russian, certain categories of verbs can join a direct addition. In this case, we are talking about the transition of verbs. The article describes in detail the features of transitional and non-transparent verbs with visiting visual examples.

What is the transition of verbs?

Transitionality verb - The grammatical category of verb, reflecting the verb ability to attach a direct addition. That is, the transition indicates whether the verb can control freely existing noun, indicating the object of action (subject, person, animal, etc.). for instance : Visit the exhibition, there are candy (direct addition); grow in front of the eyes, stand near the door (indirect addition).

In Russian, there are transitional and non-transparent verbs that differ in the meaning and features of the management.

Features of transition verbs

Transient verbs These are verbs denoting the relationship or action directed to a specific object (subject, person) and turning into this object. Transition verbs control the free form of a visional case.

If the verb is in a negative form, the control is carried out by nouns in the parental. Also, managing the genitive case is possible when it comes to part of the object.

Examples of transition verbs : invite (who?) girlfriends, testing (what?) Joy, not to read (what?) Books, not get (what?) Thanks, drink (what?) Water.

From a lexical point of view, transitional verbs may indicate:

  • The process of creating, modifying or destruction of the object (write a book, burn it);
  • Sensual perception (feel warm, hear the rustles);
  • Impact on an object that does not change it (thank friends, stroking a cat);
  • Attitude towards the object (hate rudeness, prefer coffee).

Frequent communals are formed from transition verbs.

Features of non-transparent verbs

Unprofitable verbs - verbs that indicate the action that does not go to a direct object and do not need such an object. As a rule, such verbs are not combined with existing in the vinevel case. Unprofitable verbs Examples : Lying on the sofa, live with parents, rejoice at the new day, to learn at school, stay in the car.

From a lexical point of view, non-transparent verbs may designate:

  • Mental, physical condition, position in space (sad, get sick, sit down);
  • Movement and existence (walk, move, be, to be);
  • Professional or nonprofessional classes (to follow, lazy);
  • Formation and identification of qualities (grow up, blush, decrease).

Differences in transitional and non-transparent

Now you need to know what the transitional is different from the non-transparent. First of all, it is its meaning. Transients typically indicate:

  1. Creating, modifying or destruction of objects (built a house, reduced the dose),
  2. Sensual perception of objects (I hear music, I see the city),
  3. Contacting an object without its change (I touched the wall, the cat stroked),
  4. Attitude towards the object (I love fiction, I adore the contrast shower).

Mix the transition is also possible by trying to form a suffering communion from him. If it turns out - the verb transition, will not work - non-repease. Adjust-adorable

The phrases with transient verbs always consist of a verb form and direct addition, sometimes the definition may be included, the circumstance: chop trees, drive bus, find a pirate treasure, quickly learn lesson.

Transitional and non-transparent verbs in Russian

The algorithm for definitions of transition / uncompressive verb

The algorithm for definitions of transition / uncompressive verb

Transitionality of multivalued verbs

Word's verb shapes can have several values. In this case, the first value takes place a transitional type, and in the second value it is the word - non-transcendible type. "He says (what?) Insecting" transitional, but "the child is already saying (talking)" non-repease. "The orchestra plays (what?) Marsh" transitional, but "the child plays (is busy playing)" non-operation.

Виды глаголов

In humorous texts, a situation is possible when the incontinence is normally acquired in the norm: "drinking to drink and discipline to hooligan."

This is a comic effect on this, the verbs at the same time acquire the meanings of those instead of which they are delivered - "Hooligan" instead of "violating" and so on.

Outdated unprofitable verb forms may have an adequacy.

"Trade" in the modern Russian non-transcendence verb, but earlier, having the importance to "ask Right", it was transitional: "Trade a horse." Such use remained in folklore.

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