The European considers a spider 4-6 cm in size to be large, but almost 42 thousand species of these arthropods are distinguished in the world, among which there are larger specimens. The largest spiders in the world have dimensions that are simply not natural, they eat rodents and large birds, and can be dangerous because of their venom. You can read about them in the Guinness Book of Records, and if you are going on vacation to exotic countries, then our rating of the largest spiders on the planet will be useful to you.
10 nephila goldspinner
8 the Brazilian wandering spider
The genus of spiders, which includes brazilian wandering spider , is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as containing the most poisonous members of the family.
7.Cerbalus of Arabia
6 giant baboon spider
5 purple tarantula
4 camel spider
3 the giant crab spider
2 the brazilian pink tarantula spider
1 goliath tarantula
The largest spider in the world - Tarantula Goliath
There are more than 40 thousand species of spiders in the world, which differ in size and color, while in appearance they are all almost the same. Among such a variety of species, there are both very small spiders and large ones, reaching 10 cm in size, or even more. If many species eat small insects, then there are species that eat small rodents, birds, etc. Some species pose a mortal danger to human health due to strong poison. For those who are going to visit hot countries, it is advisable to know what the largest spiders in the world look like.
This is a representative of those spiders that inhabited our planet in the Jurassic period. Nephils are a class of orb-web spiders and are distinguished by their rather large sizes (up to 4 cm), and also by the fact that they weave a huge web. Together with their limbs, their sizes reach a maximum of 15 cm, while females are much larger than males. The main habitat is trees, therefore this species is also called tree spiders. In nature, they prefer countries located in the hot regions of our planet.
Since they live in trees, they place their webs between tree branches, where various insects come across. The female is located in the center of the trapping web, and the males during the mating season are located closer to its edge. The main color of this species is greenish-yellow, with the addition of red. Although the poison in the nephil gold mirrors is highly toxic, it is not fatal to humans.
9. Tegenaria brownie
This type of spider is widespread throughout Europe and is also called a large house spider. It also inhabits the countries of Central Asia, Africa, as well as Uruguay and Argentina. The length of his body is about 7 and a half centimeters, and together with the limbs - about 15 cm maximum. The body is pale gray, and the forelegs are brown. Females of this species constantly carry a cocoon with eggs with them until spiders are born. Tegenaria is moving fast enough. He prefers to live in caves, as well as in abandoned outbuildings. Since this species also chose hot countries for its life, it is very difficult to meet it.
8. Brazilian wandering spider
These representatives of arachnids are also called banana spiders. To date, it is known about 8 varieties of banana spiders, the body size of which reaches 5 cm, and together with paws all 15 and no less. For their life, they choose areas with high humidity, which are characteristic of Central and South America, as well as the forests of Venezuela and the northern regions of Brazil. The spider is called a wandering spider because it constantly migrates in search of food. Scientists also divide them into types: a runner type, which overtakes its potential victim due to fast movements, and a jumping type, which provides itself with food through fast jumps. The wandering spider's diet is very diverse, as it preys on other species of spiders, lizards, birds, etc. This is not only one of the largest representatives of the order of arachnids, but also a species that has a fairly strong poison. The body of the spider is brown in color, and a lot of sensitive bristles can be seen on the body. In the daytime, these predators are in their shelters, and at night they go hunting.
An important point! The Brazilian wandering spider is featured in the Guinness Book of Records as the most venomous species.
7. Cerbal of Arabia
This species of spider, which is distinguished by its large size, became known to scientists only in 2003. Although the spider's body itself does not differ in large dimensions (only 3 cm), together with its legs, its size is at least 20 centimeters. Moreover, females are somewhat larger than males. In the natural environment, these arachnids were found in the deserts of Arabia, Israel and southern Jordan. The spider has such a body color that it literally merges with the sandy base, so it is quite difficult to detect it, despite the presence of black stripes on the limbs. Shows its activity only at night, which was the reason for such a late discovery of the species.
6. Giant baboon spider
This species of arachnids is also called the Red Cameroon baboon spider. The spider differs in that its body has a size not less than 10 cm, and its limbs reach a length of about 20 cm.It is a family of tarantulas and prefers to live in the tropics and subtropics of South America. It got its name from the fact that its limbs are similar to the paws of a baboon. The entire body, together with the limbs, is covered with dense dark gray hairs with a transition to a distinct brown tint. Goes out hunting in the dark. The diet of this spider consists of its relatives, various insects, toads, lizards, etc. The spider is poisonous enough and its bite can be fatal to humans, although it does not attack people, but it is able to defend itself in case of danger. In the event of a bite, the person experiences painful shock, with vomiting and partial paralysis of the body. The spider is interesting in that in the case of protection, it raises its front legs and makes sounds similar to the hissing of a snake. Its appearance is truly terrifying. In addition, people should not anger this poisonous creature, but rather bypass it.
5. Purple tarantula
The Colombian purple spider is rightfully in the middle of the ranking of the largest spiders in the world. The spider is a member of the tarantula family and lives in the jungles of South America. The body of adults reaches a length of about 10 centimeters, and the span of the limbs is at least 25 centimeters. The basis of the diet of this spider is made up of birds, therefore it was called a tarantula, although in addition to birds, the diet includes insects, small rodents, frogs, etc. Populations of tarantula spiders on our land are not numerous, so this species is considered quite rare. The body of the Colombian tarantula is velvety black in color, and its limbs are bright purple or crimson. It has a star pattern and many hairs. Females can live for about 15 years, while males live no more than 3 years.
4. Camel spider
This class of arachnids is a phalanx order and has at least 1,000 species. In different scientific works, this type of giant spider is called differently. The body has a size of about 7 cm, and together with the open paws, its size is almost 30 centimeters. This species is found on all continents, with the exception of Australia. Due to the fact that something like humps is located on his head, he was called camel. The body is distinguished by a brown-yellow tint, and its legs are covered with long bristles. As a rule, he goes hunting in the dark to catch small rodents, lizards, birds and insects. These spiders can also attack a person, while they move at a speed of up to 16 km per hour, so it is almost impossible to run away from him. Not poisonous, but their bites are quite painful. In addition, getting into the human body the remnants of his food, a person can get blood poisoning. The site of the bite should be immediately treated with an antimicrobial agent and antibiotics should be taken.
3. Giant crab spider
The giant crab spider is one of the three largest spiders on our planet and represents the family of sidewalkers. Despite the fact that the body of the spider is relatively small, together with the limbs, its dimensions are quite impressive (about 30 centimeters). Lives on the Australian continent. He is able to move fast enough and just as quickly he kills his victim. When it attacks its victim, it makes big jumps. It is poisonous, but in relation to a person, the poison is not fatal, although manifestations of intoxication of the body are possible in the form of severe headache, nausea, vomiting, as well as severe swelling at the site of the bite. Therefore, it is better not to meet such a monster. The color of this species can be varied.
2. Brazilian pink tarantula
On the territory of Brazil, this species was discovered in 1917 and is distinguished by its gigantic size. Its size, together with the limbs, is at least 30 centimeters. This spider does well in an artificial environment, so many keep it as an ornamental animal. Males do not differ in such significant sizes, but the body of females has a size of about 10 cm, while it can weigh at least 100 grams. The species has a very aggressive character. The diet of this predator does not include large snakes, lizards, birds, etc. To protect himself, he throws poisonous hairs from his body, and in case of aggression, raises his front paws.
1. Goliath tarantula
He is rightfully ranked first in the ranking of "monsters" representing arachnids. The spider weighs at least 200 grams, and its size is at least 30 centimeters, together with outstretched legs. It represents the tarantula family and lives in the jungles of South America. The body coloration represents many shades of brown, and the limbs can be seen with characteristic white stripes across the limbs. Prefers to settle in places with high humidity. Lives in the ground, in holes up to half a meter deep. Represents a rather aggressive look. In case of aggression, it emits peculiar frightening sounds, and also shakes off a toxic substance from its hairs, which, in comparison with its poison, poses the greatest danger to a person.
Giant spiders lived in the era of dinosaurs and then their size was not something incredible. As for our time, even now you can meet such spiders, although for many people acquaintance with them will cause either panic or admiration.
Then we will talk about one of these spiders - the poultry-golife or therafoz of the blond. It is he who is one of the biggest spiders in the world, as the length of his body in the sweep of the legs can reach 28 centimeters!
This terrible predator is widely distributed in the rainforest of some countries of South America, namely in Northern Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela. It occurs most often in a wet swampy terrain.
The torso spider consists of headband and abdominal departments. Eyes and eight legs make up the pussy of the spider. The abdominal enters a spinning body, heart and genitals. The excretory system passes through the entire body of spider. The abdominal part of the females is an egg chamber.
Despite the fact that the spider has bad eyesight, he is able to see in the dark. Like all tarantulas, Goliath carnival animal. Sitting quietly in the ambush, he rests on his sacrifice, then throws onto it, using fangs.
Although spider is called a poultry, but it does not eat birds. Just the first time spider saw when it trapes a bird. Such vertebrates and invertebrates, like mice, lizards, small snakes, beetles, butterflies - the main ration of Goliath.
Adults (mature) are considered to be representatives of the Goliath poultry, which turned 3 years. Sometimes after mating, the female eats his "beloved". Goliafa on the first pair of limbs are sharp spikes, which serve his protection against females. The male on average lives for about 6 years. The age of female can reach 14 years.
The female postpones from 200 to 400 pieces of eggs, which raises for two months. After small spiders appear on the light, the mom-spider looks after them for several weeks, after which they lead an independent lifestyle.
The Goliath poultry person is distinguished by aggressive features of character. Feeling danger, he makes a peculiar hiss due to the friction of the bristles on his legs. Fangs whose length is a couple of centimeters, as well as burning villi serve as protection. Fangs of poisonous, but not very toxic in comparison with other poisonous insect representatives.
The refuge for these spiders are deep holes that served as a previously home for small rodents, while they did not meet his current owner. The entrance to the mink is protected by a web, from the inside all the walls are also shrouded it. The females spend most of their lives here, they go out only at night at the time of hunting and in the period of mating. Leave the house for a long time not in their rules. Often spiders are hunting nearby and drag extraction to the lair.
In addition to the size between the male and the female there is another difference. The males on the front legs are small hooks, which he holds the huge helicers of female during mating, saving their life in this way. The color of these spiders is most often dark brown, and reddish brown hairs are banging on the legs. Because of these numerous hairs, which are also covered with all the Taurus, these spiders are still a joke called "fluffy".
But this is not an ornament at all, but one of the means of protection against unborn guests. The point is, hitting the skin, in light or mucous mouth and nose, these hairs cause strong irritation. In order for the "weapon" to reach the goal, spidery with sharp movements of the rear legs looks through the hairs from their abdomen in the direction of the enemy. In addition, they serve for a spider by the organ of touch. The hairs caught the slightest oscillations of the earth and air. But they see weakly.
For a long time it was believed that the poison of the goliath tarantula is very dangerous and most often leads to death, but it turned out that this is far from the case. A spider bite can be compared in effect to a bee sting. A small swelling appears on the spot, which is accompanied by quite bearable pain. Although for allergy sufferers, its bite can be dangerous.
Spider venom has a paralyzing effect on the nervous system of smaller prey such as frogs, small snakes, insects, rodents, lizards and other small animals. The victim after the bite is unable to move.
To eat, the tarantulas inject digestive juice into the body of the "lunch", which breaks down soft tissues and allows the spider to suck out the liquid and eat the soft meat of its prey.
The most interesting thing is that the tarantula does not eat birds. Well, if only in very rare cases, when he comes across a chick that has fallen from the nest on his way. The spider got its name thanks to the German entomologist and artist Maria Sibylla Merian, who was the first to sketch it. On them, a spider eats a small hummingbird bird. This is where the name "tarantula" stuck to it. The official description of this tarantula spider belongs to the entomologist Latrelem (1804).
Maybe the following information will seem a little wild to you, but among the locals these spiders are a delicacy and not only adults, but also spider eggs are used. As a result, the population of these animals in their natural habitat is gradually decreasing.
This individual behaves quite aggressively and does not like being picked up. And even if the poison of goliath is not too toxic, quite a lot of it is released. tarantula goliath , then the terrarium in which he lives will not look like dishes with earth, but as a place where a very serious animal lives. The spider's terrarium should be large enough. The terrarium can be either plastic or glass, horizontal type. The volumes should be on average 25-35 liters with a closing lid. The cover is needed so that your pet does not suddenly decide to take a walk outside the terrarium. Spiders should be kept separately due to their inherent cannibalism. Sphagnum, coniferous sawdust, vermiculite are used for bedding. The best solution would be to choose a coconut substrate larger than 5 cm as bedding. so that the animal has the opportunity to make a mink for itself, a coconut shell or a medium-sized piece of bark should be placed in the terrarium. The temperature regime for normal maintenance should be in the range of 22-26C, but they can easily tolerate a decrease in temperature to 15C. The main thing is that the temperature is not too low for a full spider. In this case, there is a high probability of the onset of putrefactive food processes in the spider's stomach. Humidity should be high - 75-85%. If the humidity is insufficient, there may be a problem with the normal molting of the animal. To maintain moisture, install a drinker and spray regularly. Provide good ventilation to keep the spider free from fungal infections.
The feeding process can take more than a day. Small insects serve as food for the goliath spider. Adults successfully cope with frogs, mice. The frequency of feeding young spiders twice a week, adults feed once a week, one and a half. It is not necessary to feed young spiders with too large insects, i.e. those that would exceed the size of half of the goliath's abdomen. This can cause stress and as a result of refusal to eat.
The maximum time that a goliath spider can do without food is about 6 months. But naturally you shouldn't experiment with your pet.
The most difficult period in the life of a spider is molting. At these moments, you should not touch them and make them nervous. At the time of molting, the goliath tarantula and other spiders move little, do not eat anything. The regularity of molting depends on the age of the animal. Young individuals molt regularly, but adults with a frequency of two months or a year.
An interesting fact is that the web of tarantula spiders does not serve as a trap for the victim, as in other representatives of this species, tarantulas are real hunters, they hunt down and attack prey. The tarantulas wait for their prey in ambush and jump at it. This feature, as well as their coloration, led the locals to call the tarantulas "earth tigers".
Although the goliath tarantula is considered the largest spider in the world, there is still one species that surpasses it in limb span, but is significantly inferior in body size - Heteropoda maxima, whose leg span reaches 30 centimeters. The largest specimen was discovered in 2001 in Laos, in one of the caves of the Khammuan province.
And what other GOLIAPHS have we considered with you? Well, for exampleTiger fish Goliath
or hereMost large bug в the world .
But look at what amazing spidersPhryne (Amblypygi)
or for exampleSpider - seal The original article is on the site InfoGlaz.rf Link to the article from which this copy was made - http://infoglaz.ru/?p=14960