Oak chips for moonshine with their hands light and strong roasters, video

In order for the moonshine to taste and the aroma to be like a more noble brandy or whiskey, it should be sorted out how and from what an oak chip is preparing for a moonshine. This is the most important component that allows you to transmit alcohol a certain amount of tanning substances, due to which the drink acquires a characteristic amber color and tart taste. Do not everyone know that to prepare the product you need to choosely pick raw materials, and also know the degree of roasted. From this will be drilled the fortress of the final result.

Oak chip for moonshine

We are looking for a suitable tree

When choosing an oak, it should be borne in mind that its place of growth is reflected on the taste of alcoholic beverage, despite the fact that oak chips are used - brandy, vodka or whiskey applied. The taste qualities of the same alcohol will differ if the product is inspected on one oak rock, but growing in different regions.

Oak chip for moonshine

The value of the tree has a value - the Crimean, Krasnodar and Caucasian forest is well suited for Russia.

Testers among all variations are distinguished by oak growing in France. It is clear that not everyone has the opportunity to get a branch of a real French tree, so it will pay more attention to the domestic flora. Suitable on the concentration of trees from such regions:

  • Hadyzhensky;
  • Absheronsky;
  • Afipsky.

It should also be noted that more valuable tree species are growing in the Republic of Crimea, Tatarstan, Ukraine, Belarus and the Caucasus.

For moonshine, oak chips, obtained from areas with high humidity, is not suitable, since it has a very high concentration of tanning substances, which spoils the product organoleptic.

It matters not only where it grows, but what are you going to use. We need branches by age up to 5 years, but not younger than 2 without bark. The trunk does not fit categorically, the old boughs are similar. You can not take blanks from sawmill enterprises where the tree is treated with antiseptics.

What affects the change in taste

With the right selection of the chips to insist the drinks and compliance with the recommendations of the specialists, it is easy to taste alcohol, with a pleasant tart aftertaste and a rich aroma. Changing the characteristics of the beverage occurs for the following reasons:

  1. Oak chips act as an adsorbent. Pores of wood material absorb components that boil even under reduced temperature. This list includes substances that cannot be completely eliminated during distillation. Therefore, long-term insistence in the barrel or on chips shows significantly better results than alcohol infused on another raw material.

Oak chip for moonshine

It is easier to work with chips - they are suitable for any container, while at the same time adsorb harmful impurities

  1. A variety of chemical elements are present in the wood, they make a drink softer. In addition, alcohol gets a new taste, color and smell, more components from pinch bind to particularly dangerous connections. Therefore, the tincture is often prepared for use in therapeutic purposes.
  2. If to push to prepare an oak bark, then in the end it turns out "bitter tincture" with red-brown color. And thanks to the Tanin, which is contained in the product, the drink will receive a tart aftertaste.

Oak bark contains a large number of Tanina

Oak bark contains a large number of Tanin, giving a tart aftertaste, but compared with the chips of the bark much less valuable

Do oak chip with your own hands

The product is implemented in a specialized store, but those who want to experiment can make an oak chip for a moonshine with their own hands. To do this, follow the steps:

  • Dry the part is full at room temperature for 1-2 weeks and clean it from the bark;

Corre can not be thrown out and leave for the preparation of healing info.

  • Cut the log on pegs with dimensions of 20x20x100 mm;
  • Prepared oak chips for brandy or whiskey put into clean cold water for a day, while changing the liquid on a new one every 7 hours;
  • In a separate container, mix 10 liters of water with 2 spoons of soda, send instead of stakes for 8 hours, then rinse well;
  • Next, they put in a saucepan, fill it with clean water and bring to a boil, fighting 45-50 minutes;
  • Place the blank on the contradictory and send into the oven for 2 hours at different temperatures depending on the desired taste.

Video: Homemade technology

Firing time and temperature

The firing of oak chips in the oven is considered an important stage, the aroma of future alcohol depends on the level of the roasters. To achieve the desired result, you should know how to properly burn the product to obtain different smells:

  • The minimum processing of 2 hours at temperatures up to 120 ° - the smell will give vanilla, berries and a little smoking

Firing Oak chips

Mining

  • Average 2 hours 150-160 ° C - Caramel's aroma in combination with almond

Firing Oak chips

Medium Frozen (Medium)

  • Maximum 2 hours 180-185 ° C - Drink will find a saturated smoked and chocolate smell with a similar aftertaste

Firing Oak chips

Strong chewar

Chipped before placing in the oven wrap tightly in foil so as not to let the smoke. If this is not done, there is simply nothing to breathe in the room.

If Nagar appeared on the poles - black burnt podpaled, it is impossible to use them for tincture.

The maximum permissible degree of firing, after which Nagar will begin to appear on the edges

The maximum permissible degree of firing, after which Nagar will begin to appear on the edges

This is the final stage of the preparation of chips, then it is necessary to choose the right to choose the basis, calculate the necessary number of stakes (on average 50 gr. Per liter) and use one of the most appropriate tincture recipes.

Store the billets in hermetically closed container, so as not to humble "Spirit"

Store the billets in hermetically closed container, so as not to humble "Spirit"

What to choose a moonshine

After the oak chips for brandy will prepare, you can start the selection of moonshine. There are three main types of raw materials made on:

  • fruit;
  • grain crops and cereals;
  • Sahara and yeast.

The first two options are great for the preparation of Chaqi, but it depends on the taste preferences of the tastor. The most optimal option is the sugar moonshine.

The fact is that the fruit or grain distillate has various components that react with chemical components of wood. Such a process can give a completely unexpected result that does not justify the expectation of the manufacturer.

As previously reported, fruit notes can be achieved due to the chips of chips - small cubes, which quickly and through progress. Therefore, it is necessary before burning pegs, you need to understand what taste you are trying to achieve. In addition, you can take advantage of special food additives, a few drops of the essence can completely change the smell and taste of alcohol.

Essence of Cognac

Cognac Essence - Some winemakers Along with insistence on Kolas, add several drops of concentrated liquid fragrance

Moonogon process on oak chip

After the listed manipulations should be calculated how much oak chips per liter of moonshine. In this case, such proportions are required:

  • Moonshine fortress 45 ° - 1 l;
  • Sliver - 40-60 grams.

It turns out that 3 liters of drink will be required on average 150 grams. Wood chips. Imagine the moonshine should be in a glass container or a tank consisting of stainless steel. Laming is placed in it and fill in distillate to the very edges to reduce air volume.

Next, the capacity needs to be sealed with a lid, then place in a dark cool place at least 2 months, and it is better for half a year old. You can also increase the time of insteading, the longer this process will last, the softer will be the drink.

Video: Moonshine at chips: apple tree, cherry, plum, pear, oak

Common mistakes

Beginners-bugs in inexperience frequently make mistakes in the manufacture of chips at home. As a result, it turns out a tincture with a strange taste of the plinth. To avoid an unpleasant situation, the following factors should be taken into account:

  • No need to bake the pegs for a long time, in this case more - does not mean better;
  • It is not recommended to apply a raw log, there is a large number of tannins;
  • Do not use plastic or plastic containers for insteading the drink, distillate during shutter speed, the chemical components and smell of plastics will absorb;
  • Specialists strongly do not advise using a large number of fragrant herbs, spices and other spices, as well as to insist on them a long time;
  • Do not apply not a proven formulation in the manufacture of a large volume of tincture, it is better to first make sure in the quality of the result, having prepared a small container.

Taking into account these recommendations for the manufacture of chips, you can take a job and be sure that the finished product will definitely please both the main tasteman and its guests.

Video: Home tincture is better than Hennessa

Distilled alcohol is not too pleasant to taste, and many people are associated with a hospital and medical alcohol. Noble drinks for a long time withstand in oak barrels, but this method is uncomfortable at home, and it will cost too much. Oak chips for moonshine repairs the process repeatedly, besides, it can be made independently according to the instructions below.

Advantages of using chips

The use of oak chips instead of barrels reduces the production of beverage several times.

This allows you to save not only time, but also the final product, because in the process of many years of excerpts in the barrel, a large amount of alcohol evaporates.

Grinding wood contributes to a more complete extraction of tanning substances. Roasting varying degrees of intensity affects the taste and allows you to choose a pleasant bouquet. Schap absorbs harmful substances from which it is impossible to get rid of distillation.

We buy and choose chip

  1. You can purchase oak chips or chips in specialized stores for moonshoes, but there are such shops only in large cities.
  2. Instead of chips, you can buy in a pharmacy Coru Oak. The oak bark is a pharmaceutical product, which means that the corresponding checks are undergoing. Therefore, there is a big chance to purchase an environmentally friendly product.
  3. Chip, chips and bark can be found in online stores. When choosing a store, read the reviews not to purchase a bad chip.

When buying should be given a preference to an oak growing:

  • in the Urals;
  • in the Voronezh region;
  • in the Caucasus;
  • in Crimea;
  • in France;
  • in the Caucasus;
  • in the Krasnodar Territory;
  • in Tatarstan and Bashkorostan;
  • in Belarus and in Western Ukraine.

Instructions for the manufacture of oak chips do it yourself

Despite the fact that the specialists are most appreciated by the OUC, which grows in certain areas of the Caucasus and the Krasnodar Territory, but for not the estate, quite suitable trees that are nearby

It is impossible to take an oak, growing in the area with high humidity, or treated on the sawmill chemicals against pests.

Oak chip should be made from branches of a healthy and young tree. Their age (by annual rings) should be from 2 to 5 years. Previously, it is necessary to remove the bark, and dry the branches.

Wood split along the fibers. The maximum size of the resulting chips should be no more than 10 cm in length and no more than 2 cm in thickness. Small fractions measuring from 0.5 to 2 cm are called chips.

The raw material for refining a mogon should be dried in the sun, spreading in a well-purged place. Chips dry about a week, large planks - up to one month. In the cold season, you can use the dryer: plastic boxes with holes, under which the fan is placed.

The pegs for the day are soaked in cold water, changing it every 6 hours. Before the last stage, soda is added - 1 h. L. for every 5 l. The volume of water should be 5-6 times to exceed the volume of wood. Scoop from fresh branches (lay in a ventilated place for less than six months) needed three days, after which the helm in the soda solution, and then two more hours in fresh water.

The paler extracted from the container must be rinsed under ice flowing water, and then disappeared for 2 hours.

To do this, you can put them in a sieve or colander and put on a saucepan with boiling water. To reduce the time of steaming almost twice, some are placed chip in a small container, covered with freeze with boiling water and covered with a lid. Then it remains to rinse it again with cold water and dry it in the air for 12 hours, turning periodically.

Finger Time and Temperature

Before the roasted wood, it is necessary to warm up at least 2 hours at a temperature of + 150 ... + 160ºC. After this procedure, the chip acquires a pleasant vanilla fragrance.

Roasted chip

Then the raw material move to the grill grill or aluminum foil, and the oven temperature to increase to + 200ºC. Wood color should be controlled through the glass, without opening the oven door.

Golden oak chips gives a moonshine taste of vanilla, brown - almonds and caramels, dark to black - bitter chocolate. Wood should not burn nor charring.

Upon reaching the required shade of the oven, it is necessary to turn off, and open the door. If there is no oven, a small amount of oak chips can be fused on medium heat in a pan. However, the material will have to constantly mix and control its color.

The firing temperature indicated in the recipes can be varied within + 120 ... + 220ºC. It depends on the size of the chips and the degree of her drying. At lower degrees, the decay of polysaccharides on monosaccharides does not occur, and at higher monosaccharides, forming burnt plots, are also discharged.

What affects the change in alcohol taste?

Alcohol penetrates chip and flips tubyl substances from there. They give a moonshine brandy taste and shade, but only. Simple sugars have arisen in the process of heat treatment improve the bouquet, softening the taste and aroma of the drink.

A more significant effect has a preliminary impregnation of oak chips. Before making a home brandy, they are filled with a mixture of mogon with caramel or sweet wine for 2-3 days. Wood absorbs part of the fluid, which then gives the tincture. However, the additional addition of caramelium reduces the flow of the drink by 2-3 °.

Sometimes the impregnation use the "tail", which remained after distillation of the Braga. Depending on the chips thickness, the process takes from 5 hours to 4 days. A small amount of vest oils from the "tail", which fell into pores of the wood is cleaned from an unpleasant smell, and when insistered on alcohol gives him a taste of whiskey or tequila.

A sharper moonshine becomes due to the use of branches along with the bark, which contains a lot of resins. If the time of infusion is reduced, brandy notes will be absolutely distinguishable, and its increase will lead to excess of tannylins.

Due to the presence in the chips of the burnt fragments, alcohol will be very proud. Adding different spices either does not always lead to an improvement in taste.

Controlled only visually the level of roasted oak chips for the moonshine is not always the same. As a result of such heterogeneity, alcohol acquires a whole bouquet of various tastes:

  • vanilla;
  • clove;
  • walnut;
  • smoky;
  • cinnamine;
  • honey;
  • floral;
  • balsamic.

Preparation of oak chips and moonshine in front of Nasty

The tincture should always be done after distillation of Braga, and not to her. The initial fortress of the moonshine to obtain a brandy drink should be 45-70% about.

Oak chips need to go through, removing small burnt fragments. Preparation of larger chips lies in light sweeping from charred areas. The darkened wood is better not to touch, since it gives the tincture of a pleasant chocolate taste.

Cognac from moonshine on oak chip

The exact amount of chips required for the preparation of the beverage is not specified in any recipe. For alcohol, the fortress is 70 ° about. 5-10 g of product on 1 liter of drink. For a fastest tincture at a 45-degree moonshine, a proportion of 40-50 g per 1 liter is recommended.

The time of infusion is also indicated differently - from 2 weeks to six months. In order to prevent excess of tubyl substances, worsening the quality of homemade brandy, it is better to take the minimum amount of oak sticks and insist them until the desired shade and the taste is obtained.

The tincture is most convenient to do in glass jars and bottles with a tightly screwed lid. Oak cubes are placed in the dishes (12-15 g on a 3-liter bank) and poured moonshine.

With bright roasting, you can do without vanillina, in other cases - add to taste, but not more than ¼ h. L. The bank tightly close the lid and open it only 1 time per week for 3 minutes so that the contents are a little "raised". The process takes 3-4 months.

After 25-30 days, a weekly tasting is recommended, so as not to overstate the drink with tanning substances. Ready homemade brandy is drained into another dishes, passing through a gauze filter.

If you wish, you can improve the taste, adding a bit of syrup, and to get a deep brandy tint - Lugged caramel. For this, the sugar is mixed with water in a 3: 1 proportion and boil on a slow heat to dark brown.

Other additives are helped to improve taste quality: honey, carnations, cinnamon, spicy herbs, flower petals, lemon zest. However, they can only be used in small quantities.

In alcohol, oak chips are absorbed by honey and aroma of spices, which are then moving to the next tincture. The chip is allowed to use 2-3 times, already without prior frying or impregnation, but the time of infusion will have to increase.

Moonshine infused on apple-tree chips

For tinctures, you can use not only oak chip, but also chopping other trees. For example, in Italy Calvados is withstanding in a chestnut or mulberry barrels (silk). Excellent tincture will also be on chisni chips, apple trees, pears, cherry.

Preparation of apple chip chips is not different from oak. It will take:

  • 3 liters of apple moonshine;
  • 150 grams of apple chips.

Insist for up to 3 months. During this time, the moonshine acquires a golden color and fruit aroma.

Cherry chip for moonshine

The cherry chips are popular for insteading the apricot or plum moonshine, but also perfectly suitable for sugarmogon. Moonshine will get a beautiful brown tint and pleasant fragrance.

Scoop cook as usual. Add 60 g per liter of moonshine. Insist the moonshine to six months.

Recipe of Latgale Cognac

An unusual alcoholic beverage is owned by the historical region of Latvia, where the secrets of distillation are inherited over many generations.

Cognac or brandy can only be called conditionally, since the tincture contains more ingredients. It uses only high-quality alcohol: diluted up to 45-50% about. Alcohol, vodka, dual distillation moonshine.

Since from the bark by complex manipulations, it is necessary to remove excess tubility, it is better to use the ready-made medium roasting chips. The following components will be needed:

  • Alcohol - 3 l;
  • Oak chip - 2 tbsp. l.;
  • Ground nutmeg - 0.5 g;
  • Carnation - 3 pcs.;
  • Ground coriander - on the tip of the knife;
  • Sugar - 50-60 g.

Pour 100 ml of mogon into separate dishes and dissolve sugar in it. Spices and lumps fold into a glass jar, pour sugar liqueur and the rest of the moonshine, mix. Split the lid and remove in a dark place.

The drink should be not less than 10 days. After that, every 2 days will have to carry out tasting until the taste and smell become sufficiently saturated. If oak chips for the moonshine were made of dry wood, exposure time can take up to 1 month. It is not recommended to keep the tincture longer to not get a sharp chemical smell.

The resulting Latgale brandy is filtered through the gauze and spill on hermetically closing bottles. Before use, alcohol is recommended to hold no less than 2 weeks in the cellar or refrigerator. The best one is considered a drink of 6-month shutter speed. When stored in a darkened place, it retains fragrance and taste quality up to 5 years.

Moonshine tincture on oak bore (home brandy)

Another popular method is the method - insisting of the moonshine is not on the oak chip, but on the crust. Corn are needed significantly less than chips. She is more "poorest" and quickly can spoil the drink.

  • 3 liters of mogon
  • oak bark - 3 tablespoons;
  • 1 tablespoon of dried herbs of the Oils and Hypericum;
  • one tablespoon of honey;
  • 4-5 clove buds;
  • fragrant pepper to taste, but not more than 10 Goroshen;
  • A little (at the tip of the knife) vanillin or vanilla sugar and ground coriander.

Do not insist the moonshine on the crust for longer than three weeks!

Common mistakes

List of errors that are often allowed at different stages of this process:

  1. The use of crude from the bark either by poor-quality wood: refused by fading or affected by pests impregnated with chemicals.
  2. Violation of the temperature regime during chips roasting or long-term calcination, which led to the formation of charred areas.
  3. Plastic bottles as container for tincture, since alcohol gradually dissolves harmful substances contained in them.
  4. Adding spices excess in the recipe norm that makes a drink is unnecessary spicy. The use of a large number of ingredients whose combination can permanently worsen the taste.
  5. Increase compared to the recipe number of chips or duration of infusion. The excessive content of tubyl substances is reflected in the bouquet of brandy and gives it the smell of furniture politicians.

It is not recommended to mix drinks made according to different recipes, as they may contain spices that are poorly combined with each other.

You will tell you ready Scoop can be bought Of course, this is the easiest and easy.

True, the purchased chip, even in a specialized store, may not be the one that is said on its packaging. Examples of that mass, I will not bring them here, who is interested in the theme of fake chips - write in the comments.

Oak chip, how to make it yourself and how to use © Collage from Samogon-B12
Oak chip, how to make it yourself and how to use © Collage from Samogon-B12

Here, I want to share my own experience, where to get the raw material for the manufacture of oak chips, how to cook it and, how to apply that the drink does not turn into a "plinth", but was soft, tasty, beautiful and had a taste and aftertaste of oak notes.

Where to get raw materials for free

It is not a secret for anyone that in every city there are workshops on the manufacture of wooden stairs for private houses, there are also a number of organizations involved in the manufacture of furniture from natural wood, billiard tables. You only need to enter a request in the search engine or double GISE and a list of such companies will open. It will only be necessary to call and refine whether they work with oak wood.

Screenshot Search Yandex on the key "Production of furniture from wood to order".
Screenshot Search Yandex on the key "Production of furniture from wood to order".

Next, simply, take with you a package, a bottle of your drink (with a branded label) and go to this company. Change the bottle on trimming from oak, they still throw them out. Choose cuts of thickness of at least 2 centimeters thick, and better 4 ~ 5 cm. Do not take trimming with knots. As a rule, these trimming are already planed and have a beautiful view.

These are oak firewood - these are selling on Avito and buy them there, because they were stored in incomprehensible conditions, maybe even the dogs wrote on them ...
These are oak firewood - these are selling on Avito and buy them there, because they were stored in incomprehensible conditions, maybe even the dogs wrote on them ...

How to make chopped fit and size

This can be made with an ax or a large knife, as a result you should have a panel or cubes (your taste and personal perception to forms) not more than 2 cm thick and so long to enter the bank. I like the form of bars, so I do a paler not more than 6-8 cm long. Subsequently, they enter any jar and easily fit in the oven, also conveniently boil them in a saucepan, for what, I will tell below.

Chippy soaking

In the cheese oak (and even dried) contains a lot of bitterness, it must be deleted to the main action. For this, chip should soak. Make it easier in an ultrasonic bath, but not everyone has it. Therefore, we will need:

  • pelvis or bucket;
  • Clean cold water (can be water, but without chlorine, it is better distilled);
  • baking soda;
  • Oven and pallet.

If you do not have an ultrasonic bath, soaking chips will take some time at least four days. I will describe two ways: for those who have such a bath and for those who do not have it.

For owners of ultrasonic bath

We lay down and prepared oak pegs (or cubes that you have been sent there) in the bath, fill with water and turn on for three minutes. We merge the water and pour fresh, turn on five minutes. Again drain the water and fill fresh. Thus, every time increasing the time of operation of ultrasound, wash all the yellowness from the wood. As soon as the water stops staining into the straw color - the flushing procedure may be over.

Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.
Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.
Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.
Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.
Ultrasonic bath Ya Xun YX2000A 0.5l from Ozon.ru
Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.
Ultrasonic bath Ya Xun YX2000A 0.5l from Ozon.ru
Ultrasonic Bath Kaisi 105, 600ml. from Ozon.ru.

There is only processing of soda, but this process will describe below, He is one for everyone (Those who have a bath and those who have not yet acquired).

For those who have no ultrasonic bath

We put the chip in the pelvis or bucket, pour water and leave for several hours (6-8). After this time, we change water to clean. We do this for two days. As long as water stops painted in yellow or straw color.

Why need soda

Then you need to dissolve the food soda in the water. The proportions are: per 100 grams of oak blanks 1 liter of water and 20 grams of soda.

Soda will remove the residual bitterness. In soda solution withstand oak blanks during the day. You will be surprised, but after soaking in soda solution - yellow color will appear again.

After the day, the chip should be rinsed with running water or soak in clean cold water again.

Oak chip from the store - Middle Firing, Copyright photo ©
Oak chip from the store - Middle Firing, Copyright photo ©

How to prepare chips to insist

After the described procedure, the chip can be given an additional taste. To do this, it must be cooked in wine, preferably home. The best oak chips take the taste of apple, grape and cherry wines.

We all need oak seams for different drinks. To someone for sugar distillate, someone for malt whiskey, there are such who insists on the chips homemade wine. As you know, this attracts like that, although this is not always the case. For example, welding chips in red grape fault, you can use it, not only in grape brandy, but also in Bourbon. And by welding it in apple wine, it's not Calvados, and malt whiskey or rye moonshine - these tastes are well combined, the main thing is not to redo the chip in the drink, but about it below.

Oak bars weak roasting - auto photo ©
Oak bars weak roasting - auto photo ©

Methods of roasting chips at home

If you have time and you want to do everything well, then spread the chip on the paper near the heating devices, and better in the sun, so that it snacks after taking long aquatic procedures. Then the dried chips should go to the beach or solarium :) joke. We send it in the oven.

To do this, lay the dried products on the tray, so that they do not touch each other. Previously, all the chip is worth dividing among themselves. For example, you can divide the entire chip into three parts. The first to fry is not strong, the second to bring to the middle firing, the third to root from the whole soul.

For firing chips, I use convection (fan inside the oven), then the roasting becomes more uniform. We turn on the oven at 140-150 ° C and wait for the characteristic odor. After 30 minutes, check the degree of firing. Usually, the average roast is achieved after 40 minutes at a temperature of 150 ° C.

Oak middle firing pilots © - copyright photo.
Oak middle firing pilots © - copyright photo.

Strong, after 1 hour, 10 minutes at a temperature of 170 ° C. To begin with, it is necessary to withstand chips at a temperature of 150 ° C, and then go to another temperature level. In this case, the chips will make more deeply.

If you do not have an oven, you can burn it in the Mangale, after wrapped in foil and put between coal. But here, the degree of firing will be more difficult to control.

You can also burn it with a gas burner, but there is a chance that it will light up and you will spoil it.

Oak stripping pilot cuffs © - copyright photo.
Oak stripping pilot cuffs © - copyright photo.

Proportions of adding

To understand what taste will give this or that chips, everything must be trying not only tooth and eyes. All proportions are calculated experienced. But I will tell you how I do.

I take three floors of liter cans with the same drink (explanation for sofa commentators, the same drink is the same drink separated into three parts).

In the first post 5 grams of chips, in the second 10 grams of chips, in the third 15 gram of chips. A day later, I see what has changed, trying to taste, aroma, I look at the color. Even every other day, opening banks again checking what happened.

Thus, I calculate how much chips put on 10 or more liters, how many days it needs to be kept. After receiving theoretical calculations, I put a drink on shutter speed. But I do not forget to open the jar with Nasty every three days to understand when the insteading should be interrupted.

If you forget to do it, then drink the drink with tannins and aromas, it will be hard, drinking it unpleasantly. In this case, it can only be overtaken to return to its original state.

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Preparation of oak chips and bark for insteading drinks at home: We make all the stages with your own hands

Photo 1.

Distilled alcohol has a specific and fairly unpleasant taste and smell that imposes thoughts about medical alcohol.

Therefore, many insist his On various materials , including oak chip, as well as on oak kore.

The seams are prepared in a special way. Incorrect preparation of oak chips for tinctures can spoil the taste and fragrance Drink.

In this article we will tell:

  • What an influence has oak chips on distillate;
  • how to cook it;
  • how to adjust the taste and smell of tincture;
  • How to insist alcohol on oak chip;
  • How many times can you use chip for insteading.

How does oak affect the distillate?

During the insistence of alcohol on the chip occurs Several simultaneous processes .

A mixture of alcohol and water penetrates the pores of the wood and flips the juice of the tree, which changes the taste, color and smell of alcohol.

If the wood surface was subjected Thermal processing , Under the action of alcohol and water, destroyed cellulose chains and lignin are converted into simple sugar, that is, glucose, fructose.

These sugars are also mixed with alcohol, giving him Special flavor .

In addition, alcohol interacts with tanning substances which impregnate the bark and oak wood, as a result of which part of these substances falls into the alcohol, changing his taste.

Oak chip gives a drink brandy and taste What is not like everyone, so to improve taste and color it is treated in various ways, the most popular of which - Frying and impregnation .

During the caramelization, the chemical chains of cellulose and lignin are disintegrated into simple sugars (monosaccharides), which fall into distillates and change its taste.

Photo 3.

Because of the insignificant number of monosaccharides they can't drastically change the taste Alcohol, no can give him a highlight And make some more memorable.

To impregnate chop poured sweet wine Or another alcohol-containing drink with a pronounced taste, which they then give distillate.

Depending on temperature and time Rozharki Influenced influence Oak wood on alcohol.

Using chips minimal Roasting (temperature 120-160 degrees, time 2-3 hours) gives distillate a light smell and a taste of vanilla.

Average Roasting (temperature 180-200 degrees, time 6-10 hours) gives a drink to the taste and smell of caramel.

Maximum roasting (temperature 200-220 degrees, time 15-20 hours) fills alcohol-containing liquid with aroma and Beak of bitter chocolate .

How to prepare material for insteading?

The chips can be of various sizes and shapes, from Kubikov with the side size in several cm, to Close-up or Small chips . Shape chips affects only for convenience Its falling asleep into the container by distillate, because sometimes it is in a bottle, and it's hard to pour large cubes or planks.

The size of the material affects Speed ​​impregnation alcohol and intensity of exchange processes, so for short-term instead It is better to use thin Schiepu, but for a long time the material is booster.

However, no one prevents and on the contrary, the difference in the results is so insignificant that the ease of obtaining chips is becoming the defining factor.

Need chip only From healthy wood , for example, branches from the nearest oak. Undesirable to use an oak board or any product from oak, because of them treated with different reagents protecting against humidity, bacteria or fire.

Photo 2.If you put such wood into a container with a distillate, then instead of a pleasant tincture, something will be unsuitable for drinking .

Sometimes it uses a fresh branch for insteading, but due to the huge number of tanning substances first need to cut into chips , then digest in water for a long time with the addition of soda and rinse in pure running water.

If this is not done, then the drink will get too sharp knitting and tart taste , as well as Nasty smell .

Nevertheless, the chip from the crushed wood will have to be mashed and cook, because even in it the number of tannins is still too high.

When wood cuts out 6-12 months In a dry ventilated room, the number of tannins in it will be reduced, so the chips from it will be more useful. Mandatory condition - wood must be without a bark After all, it is in the crust that most of the tanning substances contain.

For the manufacture of chips, you can use any way, because it Dimensions and form of particular importance do not have , so we recommend carefully read the chip article with their own hands.

Out and digestion

For soaking suitable spring water . It is possible to use tap water, but not at all stages, it is impossible to digest and rinse in it, but it will be suitable for soaking, if the day is dismissed.

To soak chop from wood, having fallen at least six months, Enough day , however, for soaking fresh material will require 2-3 days .

Chopped wood poured with water with such a calculation so that the water is in 5-6 times more by volume . Water change every 6-8 hours.

When the time of soaking is over, the chopped wood is washed with spring or other clean water, then poured soda mortar (Tablespoon on 1 liter of water) for 2-3 hours, after which they picked up again.

Photo 4.Then chip Operage For which it is advisable to use stainless steel tank Because on enameled dishes remain unbreakable traces.

You can try to digest in an aluminum saucepan, but sometimes traces remain on the walls, therefore it is better to use a stainless steel tank.

Chipped wood boiled in running water for an hour By changing water with a period of 20-30 minutes.

Schiep from fresh wood digest at first an hour in soda solution The same concentration, which is indicated above, then rinse and boil another 1-2 hours in running water. Only after that the wood can Send on dross .

Sometimes experienced moonshoes and vinones neglect the digestion and soaking, but at the same time they use wood collected At the end of winter , Before the start of the resumption of the deposit and a few years settled in a speiled.

In addition, they select more appropriate frying modes, which to some extent compensate for the increase in the number of tanning substances, making the taste of the finished drink sharper and enjoyable.

Drying

The drying time depends on the size of the chips, so:

  • For chips And other little things is 5-7 days;
  • for slats and cubes 1 cm thick and more may be required 2-4 weeks.

Dry chopped wood needed in a dry ventilated room with a temperature Over +15 degrees . The maximum temperature is not limited.

After drying chips fry With the oven or gas burner . Drying is necessary to increase the efficiency of roasting, because the more water in the wood, the greater the steam, which will reduce the temperature of the outer surface.

Caramelization

Sometimes frying is called caramelization, because monosaccharides that appear as a result of the destruction of polysaccharides, Karamel smell . Further frying leads to the appearance Chocolate smell .

If the oven uses for caramelization, then chopped wood is placed on an aluminum foil with a thin layer (maximum 1 cm).

Photo 5.

If the frying is carried out with the help of a gas burner, then the chip is placed in a large ceramic container, periodically, vessel and turning over.

Sometimes to roasting close-ups Used bonfire But such a way of caramelization is very difficult due to the fact that it is very difficult to maintain a constant temperature in a given range.

There is no perfect recipe Roasting, because it is impossible to accurately determine the influence of this process to the final product.

For this you need Conduct a series of experiments But even this approach does not guarantee that those who decide to repeat it, the results will be identical. After all, the assessment of taste and smell of tincture is based on subjective perception, so much depends on who will take the sample.

Nevertheless, the general principles of frying are the same - on wood affect hot air or open fire, constantly controlling the state of the chips.

If the temperature is fried less than 120 degrees , it does not destroy the chains of polysaccharides. At a temperature Over 220 degrees Not only polysaccharides are destroyed, but also monosaccharides, which react with oxygen and oxidize with the formation of the sublayed sections.

Therefore, it is necessary to experiment, putting 120-220 degrees into the temperature range.

Photo 6.Fine Pan chop Clean , and with a large Cut the charred areas .

Often, precisely charred and cropped strips give the best result when insistenceing, giving alcohol taste of real bitter chocolate.

For frying use Electric and gas ovens After all, they provide simultaneous wood warming on all sides.

In addition, the influx of fresh air into the oven is minimal, as a result of which the wood is not charred, but caramelizes, that is, polysaccharides are not oxidized, but disintegrate on monosaccharides.

Such a way of roasting more suitable for inexperienced and beginners Vinokurov, because even a small excess of temperature and processing time is not critical.

How to burn oven?

The best way to achieve caramelization at home is to fry the oak chip in the oven:

  1. Oven warm up to temperature 150-210 degrees (Depends on the degree of roasting, the correct mode can be chosen only by experiments).
  2. Chop Purge on the baking sheet in 1 layer.
  3. The baking sheet put in the oven and close the door tightly.
  4. Every 20 minutes check Chip color, examining her through the door of the door.

Once the color reaches the desired value, the oven turns off and leave cool. Pull the hot chip or open the door while roasting is undesirable because Wood can flare and charring .

Here is the influence of the color of the chips on the taste of the final product:

  1. Golden - Light taste of vanilla and barely noticeable mustard.
  2. Brown - The taste of almonds and caramel appears, and mustard is enhanced.
  3. Almost black (without subpalin) - the taste and smell of black chocolate and fresh black tea appears.

How to fry in a frying pan?

Photo 7.Behind the absence of the oven can also be used for the caramelization of the pan. It should have a thick bottom.

Fry you need on medium heat, stirring and watching the color of the product.

However, to fry the oak chip in a pan Need to constantly control The state of chips, and this is not very convenient. Therefore, most users choose the oven.

Impregnation

This operation is performed then When taste, color and smell who attached alcohol oak siny, do not like . For impregnation, you can apply both alcohol-containing liquids of any fortress and various juices.

Drastically taste, color and smell they will not change, but even Small taste Or a shade of smell can turn the usual moonshine into a noble drink.

They impregnate chips, which previously processed, as described in the previous sections, including roasting it.

Depending on the thickness impregnation can take 5-50 hours , after which the wood dries several hours in a ventilated room or on the street and laid into the tank for insistence.

Sometimes to give a drink similarity from whiskey or tequila, chip insist on "tails" remaining during distillation. A small number of "tailings" gives some drink Sumuliness But it is precisely this whiskey or tequila from vodka.

Proportions on a liter and time during which you need to keep alcohol

Clear proportions alcohol and oak chips does not exist . Some masters declare that the liter of the moonshine, chacha or other distillate is enough 5-10 grams of chips, others declare the need to use 20-50 grams.

If there are no weights You can measure the material with a tablespoon. 3-5 grams of chips are placed in the tablespoon.

In addition, there is no consent and in time during which you need to keep chip in alcohol. Some declare that 10-15 days are enough, others claim that it is necessary for 3-6 months, or even more.

Photo 8.Regardless of the amount of wood and the time of insistence There is a general rule which states that alcohol can only take a strictly defined amount of substances from wood.

Therefore, an excess of chips will not be the reason for the increased content of these substances.

However, Total amount of fitted substances It may be much higher than a comfortable level and the taste of the product will deteriorate.

Therefore, changing the number of chopped wood and the time of insteading can change characteristics Drink, adjusting its taste, smell and color.

For insteading, glass containers are needed that can Close hermetic , or at least tight.

A small loss of fortress, which can occur due to a dense, but not very sealed cover, will not spoil the product, because even when the brandy is insisted in oak barrels in the first year, the drink will lose 2-6 percent of alcohol and 1-3 percent of the total liquid volume, such Losses for evaporation Manufacturers call "the shares of angels" ..

Capacities with alcohol and oak chip put in a dark cool place And they check their condition every 5-10 days. The condition of the tincture is checked in color, taste and smell.

Is it possible to be reused and how many times?

At the end, the alcohol is drained and filtered to separate the chip, which can be reused for insteading Another 3-5 times .

And used wood no longer need to soak, cook or fry , it is immediately sent either to impregnate or for insteading.

Insperating on the Korea

In addition to chips for insteading alcoholic beverages, you can use wood bark. Basically, the moonshine insist on the bark of oak.

However, its technology is applied very different . After all, the content of cellulose and hemicellulose, as well as lignin in the cortex less, but Much above the share of juices and resins .

Photo 10.

Moreover, this applies not only to the Lubyanny (internal), but also the outer layer of the crust.

Another difference is that Craer You can not please for caramelization, because outdoor layers Start charred Before cellulose and hemiecellulose, the Lubyan layer will break into monosaccharides.

The oak bark for a moonshine at home is prepared in the same way as the chips - first the material is soaked, then digested and dried.

These operations not only remove the surplus of woody juice, but also remove the dust from the outer layers.

To insist a moonshine on the oak crust, it first Cut or break into pieces Suitable size, then superimposed into a jar with alcohol. On the liter of the beverage, a tablespoon of the outer layers of the cortex or a teaspoon of the luban layer will be required. Next, you need to put it and the moonshine on the oak cortex is ready.

Flavor infused on the core of alcohol Less rich Than on the drink infused on the wood of oak, therefore, in addition to the bark, other components are used, such as:

  • honey;
  • herbs;
  • leaves;
  • Flowers;
  • spices.

Simultaneous use of honey and bark not only gives sweetness ready-made product, but also fills the pores of the bark, so that insisting the next batch of alcohol even without adding honey will give it barely noticeable taste .

The selection of the bark breed is also made as the selection of chips, because the composition of juices and resins in the wood and layers of the bark are about the same.

Despite the fact that there are some recommendations on the use of one or another breed to obtain the desired taste, each wizard develops its own recipes, thanks to which its drinks acquire a unique pleasant taste.

Video on the topic

The video shows the recipe for cooking oak chips for tinctures:

Output

Taste of alcoholic tinctures on oak chip and core much more pleasant than clean distillate . Changing wood preparation technology and beverage exposure time you can adjust such parameters as taste, smell, or color.

Now you know how to choose a material to produce oak chips and apply chip to insist of distilled alcohol.

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My world

05.01.2021

You will say that you can buy finished chips, of course, this is the simplest and easy. True, the purchased chip, even in a specialized store, may not be the one that is said on its packaging. Examples of that mass, I will not bring them here, who is interested in the theme of fake chips - write in the comments.

Here, I want to share my own experience, where to get the raw material for the manufacture of oak chips, how to cook it and, how to apply that the drink does not turn into a "plinth", but was soft, tasty, beautiful and had a taste and aftertaste of oak notes.

Where to get raw materials for free

It is not a secret for anyone that in every city there are workshops on the manufacture of wooden stairs for private houses, there are also a number of organizations involved in the manufacture of furniture from natural wood, billiard tables. You only need to enter a request in the search engine or double GISE and a list of such companies will open. It will only be necessary to call and refine whether they work with oak wood.

Next, simply, take with you a package, a bottle of your drink (with a branded label) and go to this company. Change the bottle on trimming from oak, they still throw them out. Choose cuts of thickness of at least 2 centimeters thick, and better 4 ~ 5 cm. Do not take trimming with knots. As a rule, these trimming are already planed and have a beautiful view.

How to make chopped fit and size

This can be made with an ax or a large knife, as a result you should have a panel or cubes (your taste and personal perception to forms) not more than 2 cm thick and so long to enter the bank. I like the form of bars, so I do a paler not more than 6 cm long. Subsequently, they enter any jar and easily fit in the oven, also conveniently boil them in a saucepan, for what, I will tell below.

Chippy soaking

In the cheese oak (and even dried) contains a lot of bitterness, it must be deleted to the main action. For this, chip should soak. Make it easier in an ultrasonic bath, but not everyone has it. Therefore, we will need:

  • pelvis or bucket;
  • Clean cold water (can be water, but without chlorine, it is better distilled);
  • baking soda;
  • Oven and pallet.

If you do not have an ultrasonic bath, soaking chips will take some time at least four days. I will describe two ways for those who have such a bath and for those who have it.

For owners of ultrasonic bath

We lay down and prepared oak pegs (or cubes that you have been sent there) in the bath, fill with water and turn on for three minutes. We merge the water and pour fresh, turn on five minutes. Again drain the water and fill fresh. Thus, every time increasing the time of operation of ultrasound, wash all the yellowness from the wood. As soon as the water stops staining into the straw color - the flushing procedure may be over.

It remains only processing soda, but this process will describe below, it is one for everyone (those who have a bath and those who have not yet acquired).

For those who have no ultrasonic bath

We put the chip in the pelvis or bucket, pour water and leave for several hours (6-8). After this time, we change water to clean. We do this for two days. As long as water stops painted in yellow or straw color.

Why need soda

Then you need to dissolve the food soda in the water. The proportions are: per 100 grams of oak blanks 1 liter of water and 20 grams of soda.

Soda will remove the residual bitterness. In soda solution withstand oak blanks during the day. You will be surprised, but after soaking in soda solution - yellow will appear again.

After the day, the chip should be rinsed with running water or soak in clean cold water again.

How to prepare chips to insist

After the described procedure, the chip can be given an additional taste. To do this, it must be cooked in wine, preferably home. The best oak chips take the taste of apple, grape and cherry wines.

We all need oak seams for different drinks. To someone for sugar distillate, someone for malt whiskey, there are such who insists on the chips homemade wine. As you know, this attracts like that, although this is not always the case. For example, welding chips in red grape fault, you can use it not only in grape brandy, but also in Bourbon. And by welding it in apple wine, it's not Calvados, and malt whiskey or rye moonshine - these tastes are well combined, the main thing is not to redo the chip in the drink, but about it below.

Methods of roasting chips at home

If you have time and you want to do everything well, then spread the chip on the paper near the heating devices, and better in the sun, so that it snacks after taking long aquatic procedures. Then the dried chips should go to the beach or solarium :) joke. We send it in the oven.

To do this, lay the dried products on the tray, so that they do not touch each other. Previously, all the chip is worth dividing among themselves. For example, you can divide the entire chip into three parts. The first to fry is not strong, the second to bring to the middle firing, the third to root from the whole soul.

For firing chips, I use convection (fan inside the oven), then the roasting becomes more uniform. We turn on the oven at 140-150 ° C and wait for the characteristic odor. After 30 minutes, check the degree of firing. Usually, the average roast is achieved after 40 minutes at a temperature of 150 ° C.

Strong, after 1 hour, 10 minutes at a temperature of 170 ° C. To begin with, it is necessary to withstand chips at a temperature of 150 ° C, and then go to another temperature level. In this case, the chips will make more deeply.

If you do not have an oven, you can burn it in the Mangale, after wrapped in foil and put between coal. But here, the degree of firing will be more difficult to control.

You can also burn it with a gas burner, but there is a chance that it will light up and you will spoil it.

Proportions of adding

To understand what taste will give this or that chips, everything must be trying not only tooth and eyes. All proportions are calculated experienced. But I will tell you how I do.

I take three floors of liter cans with the same drink (explanation for sofa commentators, the same drink is the same drink separated into three parts). In the first one I put 5 grams of chips, in the second 10 grams of chips, in the third 15 gram of chips. A day later, I see what has changed, trying to taste, aroma, I look at the color. Even every other day, opening banks again checking what happened.

Thus, I calculate how much chips put on 10 or more liters, how many days it needs to be kept. After receiving theoretical calculations, I put a drink on shutter speed. But I do not forget to open the jar with Nasty every three days to understand when the insteading should be interrupted.

If you forget to do it, then drink the drink with tannins and aromas, it will be hard, drinking it unpleasantly. In this case, it can only be overtaken to return to its original state.

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